Voice behind the poem establishing a point of view (the poem’s narrator)
Choice of words
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Verbal expression of sensory detail (visual, auditory, tactile, gustatory, or olfactory)
Representation in which an object or action represents something beyond itself
Measured pattern of rhyme in a line of poetry – patterns of stressed and unstressed vowel sounds
Correspondence of terminal sounds of words or of lines of verse
A direct address of an inanimate object, abstract qualities, or a person not living or present. Example: “Beware, O Asparagus, you’ve stalked my last meal.”
Exaggeration for emphasis (opposite of understatement)
Example: “[Love] is an ever fixed mark, / that looks on tempests and is never shaken.”
Referring to the whole of an object by mentioning part of it
The repetition of similar vowel sounds. Example: “I rose and told him of my woe.”
The repetition of the same consonant sounds
Repetition of [s] [z] [sh] [zh] [ch] sounds
The omission of an unstressed vowel of syllable to preserve the meter of a line.
Example: “Th’ expense of spirit in a waste of shame.”
Reference to a a person, event or work outside the poem
Unit of a poem often repeated in the same form throughout the poem; a unit of poetic lines (verse)
Unrhymed lines with the same rhythm of and number of syllables
Lines with no prescribed pattern or structure
Pair of line, usually rhymed
Four-line stanza or a grouping of four lines of verse
Fourteen line poem in iambic pentameter with a prescribed rhyme scheme; its subject is traditionally of love. Usually of octet-sestet structure
A group of eight lines in poetry
Group of six lines in poetry
Swapping the natural word order in a line or sentence. Example: “Blessed are the meek.”
Repetition of the same word at the start of several lines
K.A. ‘Loaded Language.
” Langauge intended to evoke and emotional response
A word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase
A word opposite in meaning to another
Words having the same pronunciation but different meanings, origins, or spelling; a homophone
Invention of a new word
The mistaken use of a word in place of a similar-sounding one, often with unintentionally amusing effect
The saying of the same thing twice in different word, usually considered to be a fault in style. Example: “The arrived one after the other in succession.”
A word or phrase that is not formal or literary, typically one used in ordinary or familiar conversation.
The device of using character and/or story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction in addition to the literal meaning.
A sermon on a moral or religious topic
A deductive system of formal logic that presents two premises that inevitably lead to a sound conclusion. A=B, B=C, so A=C. “All men are mortal; Socrates is a man; therefore, Socrates is mortal.”
A poem’s tone is the attitude that its style implies. Can/often does change throughout a poem