Basically, important indicator through the recognition that it


Basically, responses
are group of indicators which provides information about actions stated or
measures taken by social institutions, organization or individuals to improve
the state of the environment or reinstate its previous balance such as the
introduction of regulations. Here the government has imposed Law on pollution
under control (India). It states the Co2 emission should be lower than the
limit set by the government. Along with this it has also set a new law that
cranes older than 15 years won’t be used in heavy industrial projects as they
release more smoke in the air and pollute the environment and to avoid the
accidents. Co2 gas emissions by welding process becomes an important indicator
through the recognition that it transfers considerable risk and associated cost
to society. The increased risk is mediated to decision makers in society
through changes in the state of environment, economy or social fabric. The gas
emissions are known for the extensive damage to environment, creating risks of
contaminating air, with substances that pose substantial hazards to animal and
plant life death to migrating birds, marine life, as much harmful to human
life. Presuming that correlation is found between gas emission percentage and
increase of the risk, the correlation between pressure and state indicators is
established. The linkage of increased risk to the response of social
institutions- in this case using an economic instrument, pollution control law-
establishes a connection with the pressure indicator. The need for law on
pollution control does not directly arise from carrying out the welding process;
this need arises from the fact that water from local sources is contaminated.
Although here the linkage seems to be obvious, policy decisions often ignore
linkages and risk transfers, especially if there is no price attached to some
of the factors, consequently, ignoring external risks may potentially lead to
unsustainable outcomes.


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