Behavioral approach: Ross believes that by treating pets


believes that by treating pets nice, keeping them in his room and taking care
of he will get a new pet on every occasion. As it’s his birthday in few weeks,
and he has been taking good care of all the pets he has a desire of a new pet.
This is a positive reinforcement as Ross believes that by taking care of the
pets he may get a new one. 

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to the theory Ross is in the anal-retentive stage. This can be seen by the
obsession of having pets, as well as the organization of them in his room.

ID – Ross
desire all the pets as he gains pleasure from taking care of them. Therefore,
every time there is an occasion for a possible new pet he wants it.

Superego –
Ross believes he is doing a great job by taking care of all the pets, and that
everyone should want to look after an animal. However, it may make him feel
guilty if there is no animal for him to take care and this will be another
reason for the obsession to have more pets.

Ego – This
is the balance of ID and superego.  By
having animals and taking care of them it makes Ross happy and he feels like
others should also have pets to feel good. Therefore, he does not understand
why some people don’t have pets.

Differences:  The psychodynamic approach is taking in
consideration the environmental factors as well as the human will, however the
behavioral approach only considers the environmental factor with the
consequences of your actions. In addition, the psychodynamic approach considers
unconscious factors which determine are behavior, whereas the behavioral
approach considers the external factors to be the determine of our behavior.

The behaviorism is the consequence of our interactions, which can be either
positive or negative. (Nurture) The psychodynamic approach focuses on
the nature side of our behavior in the unconscious forces, such as Ross
desire of pet as he gets pleasure for taking care of them.  Yet, the way we cope with these is our
upbringing. (Nurture)

The main
similarity is that both approaches explain the behavior emphasize the role of
nature and nurture.


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