Bible Flashcards 2/29

How many books are there in the Pentateuch, the books of Biblical History, Wisdom Literature, Major Prophets, and Minor Prophets?
5, 12, 5, 5, 12

Contrast the books of History with the books of Wisdom Literature.
Wisdom Literature is experiential. Historical books deal with the nation, Wisdom Literature deals with individuals.

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Historical books deal with the Hebrew race, Wisdom Literature deals with the human heart.

What does Wisdom Literature concern itself with?
The experiences if the godly in the always changing circumstances of this always changing life.

How do the books of poetry relate to each other?
Job- blessing trough prayerPsalms- praise through prayerProverbs- prudence through preceptEcclesiastes- verity through vanitySong of solomon- bliss through union

How is Christ aspired for in the books of poetry?
Job- through meditation by ChristPsalms- through communion with ChristProverbs- trough wisdom in ChristEcclesiastes- through ultimate satisfaction in ChristSong of Solomon- through union in love with Christ

How is Hebrew poetry different from English poetry?
English poetry frequently emphasizes rhyme and meter while Hebrew poetry emphasizes forms of parallelism.

What are 3 kinds of Hebrew poetry?
Lyric poetry- poetry accompanied by musicDidactic poetry- poetry designed to communicate basic principles of lifeDramatic poetry- poetry which uses dialogue to communicate its message

What are the two key elements of Hebrew poetry?
Parallelism and figures of speech

What is meant by “parallelism” in Hebrew poetry?
The practice of balancing one thought or phrase by a corresponding thought or phrase containing approximately the same number of words.

List several types of Hebrew parallelism.

Synonymous parallelism- the thoughts in the first line is basically repeated in different words in the second lineAntithetical parallelism- the thought of the first line is emphasized by a contrasting thought in the second lineSynthetic parallelism- the second line explains or further develops the idea of the first line

List several types of figures if speech found in Hebrew Poetry.
Similie- comparison between two things using the words like or asHyperbole- using exaggeration or overstatement to stress a point Rhetorical question- the use of a question not expecting an answer to confirm or deny a fact Metonymy- the use of one noun in place of another because of the relationship between the two Anthropomorphism- assigning some part of human anatomy to GodZoomorphism- assigning some part of an animal to God’s person to convey some truth about Him

Define referential language
Language whose main goal is to pass on information.

Define commissive language
Language whose main goal is to convey emotions or elicit feelings.

Give several reasons as to why most believe Job lived during the Patriarchal Period.
-Job lived to be 140 years, not an uncommon life span during that period.

-Job’s wealth was measured in terms of his livestock, a means of measuring used during that period.-Job performed sacrifices for his children like Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.-There are no references to the nation of Israel of the Mosaic Law suggesting a pre-Mosaic date.

Define “theodicy”
A vindication of God’s goodness, justice, and sovereign character in the face of the existence of suffering and evil.

What do Job’s three friends say is the cause of suffering?
All suffering is due to sin.

Why do the righteous suffer?
God may permit as a means or purifying and strengthening the soul in godliness. God’s thoughts and ways are moved by consideration la too vast for the mind of man to comprehend.

Who is the ultimate source of Job’s suffering?

How does God conclude His conversation with Job?
Because God is God, He can do whatever He wants to and we as His creatures are to glorify Him.

What are some things we learn about Satan in the book of Job?
His name means “one who is an adversary” He is bound and restricted by God. He roams the earth opposing the children of God. Satan’s work against us is ultimately allowed by God for the greater plan of mankind.

Why is learning to trust God even when nothing goes right so important?
Our trust vindicates God’s honor in a sinful, fallen world. God is more concerned about our holiness and us trusting Him that He is our happiness and bringing us pleasure.

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