Poetry that is written in unrhymed iambic pentameter which often resembles the rhythms of ordinary speech. Shakespeare wrote most of his plays in blank verse. (one unstressed and one stressed syllable)
A sad and thoughtful poem lamenting the death of a person.
A long, serious poem that tells the story of a heroic figure, most famously The Iliad and The Odyssey.
A short poem depicting a peaceful, idealized country scene or a long poem that tells a story about heroes of a bye gone age.
A poem, such as a sonnet or an ode, that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet.
The term is now also used to refer to the words to a song.
a stanza or poem of four lines
The principles and ideals of the Romantic Movement in literature and the arts during the late 18th and early 10th centuries. It was a reaction to the classicism of the early 18th century. Romanticism favored feeling over reason and placed great emphasis on the subjective, or personal, experience of the individual. It also celebrated nature. The great English Romantic poets include Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley, and Keats.
The principles and ideals of beauty, minimized by the use of emotional restraint, that are characteristic of Greek and Roman art and literature, used by poets such as John Dryden and Alexander Pope
The English (or Shakespearean) sonnet is a lyric poem of 14 lines falling into three quatrains and a concluding couplet. The Italian (or Petrarchan) sonnet is divided into two quatrains and a six-line sestet.
A narrative having a second meaning beneath the surface one.
The repetition of the same or similar sounds at the beginning of words.
A figure of speech in which someone dead or absent or something nonhuman is addressed as if it were alive and present and could reply.
The repetition of or similar pattern of vowel sounds, such as in, “Moses supposes his toeses are roses.”
: From the French word “to straddle,” .
.. is the continuation of a sentence from one line or couplet into the next. An example from Joyce Kilmer is, “I think that I shall never see / A poem as lovely as a tree.”
The use of a soft indirect expression instead of one that is harsh or unpleasantly direct. For example, we say, “He passed away” when what we really mean is “he died.
a type of figurative language that depends on intentional exaggeration or overstatement.
A situation, or use of language, involving some kind of discrepancy or contradiction. An example of this is, “Water, water everywhere but ne’er a drop to drink.”
A poem, often originally meant to be sung, which tells a story. Often they were composed in quatrains.
Poetry composed of either rhymed or unrhymed lines that have no set fixed metrical pattern.