Breaking the shackles of traditionalclassroom and adapting to new and electronic learning, a new concept ofe-learning has emerged in the last few years.E-learning is the use of technology to enable people to learn anytime andanywhere. It includes training , thedelivery of just-in-time information and guidance from experts.
E-Learning term is used synonymouslywith virtual learning, online learning, computer based learning, web basedlearning, and networked learning. However whatever may be the definition ofe-learning, it is currently changing the way schools and colleges teach and thestudents learn.E-learningessentially involves the use of a computer or electronic device (e.
g. a mobilephone) andnetwork enabled digital technologies (which include among other things,internet, intranet, satellite TV, CDROM, audio and video resources) in some way to provide training, educationalor learning material.The term e-learningwas first used in the professional environment in the year 1999 at CBT Seminarat Los AngelesCharacteristic of E- learning is that it is a learner-centric , lifelong , flexible learningmethod. E-learning seeks to foster collaboration andpeers interaction thus making one more social.
The effectiveness ofe-learning depends on establishingtwo-way communication between teachers and learners, and among learnersthemselves.E-learningcan be provided in many ways as given below Synchronous versus Asynchronous Networked versus Stand alone Individual versus Group Online versus Offline Internet versus Intranet Computer based versus Other digital devices Blended versus Fully online Self-paced versus Instructor leadAdvantages of e-Learning to the Trainer orOrganization are reduced overall cost , increased retention and application of subject, proofof completion and certification ,expert knowledge availability and consistent delivery of contentAdvantages to the Learner are confidence that refresher or quickreference materials are available,on-demandavailability , self-pacing of learning and interactivity engages usersPotential drawbacks of e-Learning are that it is technology dependent, expensive method. Alsothere may be material incompatibility, quality of the content may not bereliant. It may be unsuitable for certain types of training and certain types of learners .
Otherdrawbacks are inflexibility of the course midway once it has started and notuseful to students with visual and physical disabilities. Even though the E-learning is fast becoming popular and offersan alternative for those who cannot attend classroom training, yet it might not be a match to face-to-faceteaching