British Literature test 1

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Last updated: May 7, 2019
Anglo-saxon
oral poetry (period)

Anglo-saxon
merging of pagan and Christian ideas (period)

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Anglo-saxon
Belief in Wyrd (fate) (period)

Anglo-saxon
Focused on loyalty, glory, and revenge (period)

Anglo-saxon
Violent (peroid)

Anglo-saxon
Harsh nature (period)

Anglo-saxon
Kennings (period)

kenning
a compound metaphor

Beowulf
oldest surviving epic

qualities of an epic
long narrative poem, great national hero, lofty language, supernatural elements, struggle between good and evil

didactic
trying to teach something

Beowulf, Anonymous
“Of living strong men he was the strongest, Fearless and gallant and great of heart” (Character, Author)

Hrothgar
Who was the king in Beowulf?

Grendel
Who was the monster in Beowulf?

by pulling off his arm
How did Beowulf kill Grendel?

Beowulf, Beowulf, shows wergild – man’s price, a life for a life or ask for gold to end the feud
“Better for man to avenge a friend than much to mourn” (Title, Speaker, significance)

The Seafarer, Anonymous, Show the merging of Christianity and paganism, first he is living for pleasing the Lord then his focus is on glory
“So it is that the joys Of the Lord inspire me more than this dead life, Ephemeral here on earth. I have no faith that the splendours of this earth will survive for ever…. Wherefore each man should strive, before he leaves this world, to win the praise of those living things after him.

” (Title, Author, sig)

back to sea
Where did the Seafarer want to go?

The Seafarer
“God gave man a soul to have faith in His great strength.” (work)

elegy
a formal poem meditating on nature and death (The Seafarer)

The Dream of the Rood
this poem is a dream vision

The Dream of the Rood, Anonymous, contrast between himself and the cross
“Sublime the tree victorious; while I, stained with iniquity, was galled with sins” (work, author, sig)

The Dream of the Rood, Anonymous, Roman Catholics give power to the cross and show it as something to which you can pray
“I have power to heal All those who do me reverence…..

Happy in mind I prayed than to the rood with great devotion.” (work, author, sig)

Medieval
Light hearted and merry (period)

Medieval
Humorous (period)

Medieval
Knights and Chivalry (period)

Medieval
Romantic love (period)

Medieval
Roman Catholic Church (period)

Medieval
Religious writings (period)

mystery play
play on Biblical subjects

miracle play
play about the Saints

morality play
represents allegorically the battle as vices and virtues wage for the human soul

Death
Who comes to visit Everyman?

no
Is Everyman ready to go when death comes?

Everyman, Anonymous, sin keeps good deeds from going with everyman
“Thy sins have me so sore bound, That I cannot stir.” (work, author, sig)

Everyman, Everyman, Anonymous, the audience, a Roman Catholic idea that good deeds can get you into heaven
“Take example, all ye that this do hear or see, How they that I love best do forsake me, Except my Good-deeds that bideth truly.” (work, speaker, author, audience, sig)

soliloquy
a speech by one character along on the stage

aside
a speech in which a character addresses the audience to comment on action

a religious pilgrimage
Where are the travelers in The Canterbury Tails going?

the nun
“This lady’s smile was coy, I must confess.” (character)

The oxford Scholar
“The youth was poor, and starved for learning’s sake.

He’d rather spend his gold on books than food, Or on gay clothes or fun, as others would.” (character)

The parson
“He was a scholar; learned, wise, and true And rich in holiness though poor in gold.” (character)

The Pardoner
“Carried a wallet filled up to the brim With pardons hot from Rome, and relics old (At least, he said they were), and these he sold To poor believers back in lonely towns.

..” (character)

frame story
a story within a story

The Canterbury Tales, Chaucer, Take discretion in what we read
“Be wise and take the grain, but leave the chaff.” (work, author, sig)

The Pardoner’s Tale, Chaucer, old man, revellers, greed brings them to their death
“I left him in yonder grove under a tree and there he will tarry;” (work, author, speaker, audience, sig)

English Renaissance
Greek and Roman classics (period)

English Renaissance
Ornate language (period)

English Renaissance
Romance not realism (period)

English Renaissance
Height of drama (period)

English Renaissance
Patriotism (period)

English Renaissance
Individualism (period)

Thomas Cranmer
The Book of Common Prayer (author)

The Book of Martyrs, Dr. Taylor
“Not only was his presence blessed to them, but all his life and conversation was an example of unfeigned Christian life and true holiness.

” (work, character)

John Averth
“blind leader of the blind” (character)

The Book of Martyrs, John Foxe, Dr. Taylor, his congregation, Taylor realizes God is in control, not him and God provides leaders and will take care of his people
“God will hearafter raise up teachers for his people, who shall with much more diligence teach them than I have done. For God will not forsake his church, though now for a time he tries and corrects us.” (work, author, speaker, audience, sig)

two years
How long was Dr.

Taylor in prison?

The Book of Martyrs, Dr. Taylor, Dr. Taylor believes his martyrdom proves that what he had taught his people is true
“I have preached to you God’s word and truth, and am come this day to seal it with my blood.” (work, speaker, sig)

The Faerie Queen, the Redcrosse Knight
“But on his brest a bloodie crosse he bore, The deare remembrance of his dying Lord, For whose sweete sake that glorious badge he wore, And dead as living ever him ador’d:” (work, character)

romance
how we would want life to be

The Faerie Queen
An allegory by Edmund Spenser

The Faerie Queen, Edmund Spencer, Una warning the knight that evil or sin is very subtle and can’t always be seen
“oft fire is without smoke, and perill without show:” (work, author, sig)

The Faerie Queen, Edmund Spenser, Error, Error represents the Roman Catholic Church shying away from true holiness and light by confession and keeping the Bible from the people
“For light she hated as the deadly bale, Ay wont in desert darknes to remaine, Where plain none might her see, nor she see any plaine.” (work, author, character described, sig)

The Faerie Queen, Edmund Spenser, Una tells the knight he needs faith in order to defeat Error
“Add faith unto your force, and be not faint: Strangle her, els she sure will strangle thee.” (work, author, sig)

simile
an expressed comparison of unlike things in which the words like, as, resembles, or similar to are used

metaphor
an implied comparison in which one thing is described in terms of another

symbol
has meaning it itself but also represents something beyond itself

rhyme
the similarity of sounds between words

end rhyme
the repetition of accented or stressed vowel sounds and all succeeding sounds in words at the ends of poetic lines

alliteration
the repetition of initial consonant sounds

consonance
the repetition of final consonant sounds

assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds

onomatopoeia
using words which sound like what they mean

rhythm
the regular recurrence of sounds

meter
the measured rhythm of a poem

blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter

a pastoral
What kind of poem is “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love”?

the rapture of springtime love
What is the theme of “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love”?

The Passionate Shepherd to His Love, Christopher Marlowe, shows the superficial materialistic kind of love he is offering
“And if these pleasures may thee move, Come live with me and be my love.” (work, author, sig)

pastorals
presents an idealized view of rural life and shepherds

Leave me O Love, Sir Philip Sidney, love, apostrophe, the idea that he wants to exchange earthly physical love for a more spiritual love
“Leave me O love, which reachest but to dust, And thou my mind aspire to higher things: Grow rich in that which never taketh rust: What ever fades, but fading pleasure brings.” (work, author, audience, example of, sig)

The brevity of life and beauty
Theme of Sonnet 18

Sonnet 18, William Shakespeare, his love is better than a summer day
“Shall I compare thee to a summer’s-day? thou art more lovely and more temperate.” (work, author, sig)

Contentment in love
Theme of Sonnet 29

Sonnet 29, Shakespeare, back to the theme, his contentment came when he looked to his friend’s love
“For thy sweet love remember’d such wealth brings, That then I scorn to change my state with kings.” (work, author, points to, sig)

Sonnet 116, Shakespeare, Love is unchanging even when it is given a reason to change, a flaw
“love is not love Which alters when it alteration finds” (work, author, sig)

Sonnet 146, Shakespeare, You will benefit from death when you focus on your soul
“Within be fed, without be rich no more: So shat thou feed on Death, that feeds on men, And, Death once dead, there’s no more dying then.” (work, author, sig)

outward beauty is pointless compared to the inner soul
Theme of Sonnet 146

the study and ruin of a soul – Lady Macbeth
Theme of Macbeth

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