BRITISH POETRY TERMS

Topic: EnvironmentNatural Disasters
Sample donated:
Last updated: December 15, 2019
Apostrophe
figure of speech where the poet addresses an absent person, abstract idea or a thing (example: Death)

Assonance
repetition of a vowel sound of diphthong in non-rhyming words.

Blank Verse
poem with no rhyme but in iambic pentameter

Carpe Diem
“seize the day” represents the idea that the reader should make the most of their life

Cinquain
five line poem invented by Adelaide Crapsey

Couplet
pair lines of meter in poetry. At the end of a sonnet, they usually rhyme (GG)

Elegy
a poem or a song in form of elegiac couplets, written in honor of someone deceased. Laments or mourns the dead

Enjambment
practice of running likes of poetry from one to the next without using punctuation

Euphony
use of words and phrases that are distinguished as having a wide range of musical or lyrical quality to the sound that they create (It sounds pretty, basically)

Feminine Rhyme
a rhyme that matches 2 or more syllables (glamorous, amorous)

Heroic Couplet
rhyming pair of lines in iambic pentameter used in epic/narrative poetry

Hyperbole
exaggerated statement or claims not meant to be take literally

Iamb
a metrical foot consisting of one short (or unstressed) syllable followed by one long (or stressed) syllable.

Iambic Pentameter
a line of verse with five metrical feet, each consisting of one short (or unstressed) syllable followed by one long (or stressed) syllable, for example Two households, both alike in dignity.

Imagery
language appealing to the five senses

Masculine Rhyme
rhyme on a single syllable at the end of a line of poetry (single rhyme: borrow, row)

Metaphor
comparison between two things without usage of like or as

Implied Metaphor
compares two things unlike without the mention of one of the things

Extended Metaphor
also sustained metaphor where an author exploits a single metaphor or analogy at length throughout a poem or story

Controlling Metaphor
an extended metaphor that dominates or organizes the entire work

Synecdoche
where a part of something represents the whole or whole is used to represent the part. (All hands on deck)

Metonymy
figure of speech that replaces the name of something with the name of something else with which it is more closely associated (pen is mightier than the sword, sword represents military force)

Octave
verse form of eight lines iambic pentameter

Onomatopeia
a word that imitates the sound of the thing it describes

Oxymoron
figure of speech in which two contradictory elements are juxtaposed

Parallelism
refers to using elements in sentences that are grammatically similar or identical in structure, sound, meaning or meter. Adds symmetry and effectiveness and balance to a written piece

Quatrain
verse with four lines, often with alternating rhyme scheme

Sestet
six final lines of a sonnet

Simile
makes a comparison showing similarities with usage of like and as

Sonnet
small song or lyric, 14 lines

Italian Sonnet
Consists of an octave rhyming ABBA ABBA and a sestet rhyming in any various patterns (Petrarchan)

English Sonnet
Consists of three quatrains and a final couplet in iambic pentameter with rhyme scheme ABACDCDEFEFGG (Shakespearean)

Personification
the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form

Spondee
metrical foot that has two stressed syllables, a beat in a poetic line which consists of two accented syllables

Symbol
something that signifies ideas or deeper meaning

conventional symbol
use of concrete objects to represent an abstract idea

contextual symbol
setting, character, action, object, or anything in a work of literature that maintains literary significance while suggesting other meanings.

Synesthesia
when an author presents an idea that appeals to more than one sense like hearing, smelling, seeing (taste the rainbow)

Litotes
figure of speech which employs and understatement by using double negatives; a positive statement expressed by negating its opposite idea (He’s not bad looking)

Terza Rima
consists of stanzas of three lines, usually in iambic pentameter, that follows an interlocking rhyming scheme

Rhyme Royal
stanza of seven lines in iambic pentameter with a rhyme scheme of ababbcc

Tercet
consists of stands of three lines that follow the same rhyme, poetry triplet

Sestina
consists of six stanzas with six lines each followed by a three line stanza at the end called an envoi (39 lines total)

Internal Rhyme
metrical lines in which its middle words and its end words rhyme with each other (also known as middle rhyme)

Consonance
refers to repetitive sounds produced by consonants within a sentence or phrase usually occurs in quick succession (example: pitter, patter)

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