campbell poetry vocab

Topic: LiteratureSatire
Sample donated:
Last updated: December 14, 2019
stanza
lines grouped together by the rhyme pattern or number of lines they have

couplet
stanza with 2 rhyming lines

tercet
stanza with 3 lines

quatrain
stanza with 4 lines

quintain
stanza with 5 lines

sestet
stanza with 6 lines

septet
stanza with 7 lines

octave
stanza with 8 lines

scansion
rhyme or meter of a line or verse; stressed and unstressed; symbols that mark the lines; process of marking where the feet are to figure out your meter

foot
combination of stressed and unstressed syllables

iambic
consists of 5 sets of stressed and unstressed syllables

anapestic
consists of 4 metrical feet per line; each foot has 2 stressed and unstressed syllables

trochaic
line of 4 long stressed syllables followed by a short or unstressed one

dactylic
a foot in poetic meter; long syllable followed by 2 short syllables

spondaic
beat in a line of poetry; consists of 2 stressed syllables

pyrrhic
consists of 2 accented unstressed syllables

meter
rhythm established by a poem

monometer
line of a verse of one measure or foot; single metrical unit

dimeter
line with 2 feet composed of 3 syllables

trimeter
metre of 3 metrical feet per line

tetrameter
4 iambic feet per line

pentameter
metre with 5 iambic feet per line; 5 sets of stressed and unstressed syllables

hexameter
verse line of 6 metrical feet

heptameter
verse line of 7 metrical feet

octameter
verse line of 8 metrical feet

free verse
poetry that is free from limitations or regular meter or rhythm and does not rhyme with fixed forms

narrative
form of poetry that tells a story; has a plot; often making uses of the voices of a narrarator and character

haiku
unrhymed japaneese poetic form; 17 syllables arranged in 3 lines of 5,7,5

lyric
emotional and rhyming poem; makes an image of a song

ode
lyric poem typically of elaborate or irregular metrical form and expressive or enthusiastic emotion

ballad
light, simple song narrative poem of folk origin; composed in short stanzas and adapted from singing

dramatic monologue
a single character, addressing a silent auditor at a critical moment, reveals himself or herself and the dramatic situation

epitaph
a brief poem or other writing praise of a deceased person

acrostic
poem or other form of writing in which the first letter, syllable, or word of each line paragraph or other recurring feature in the text spells out a word or message

concrete
arrangement of words is as important in conveying the intended affect as the conventional elements of a poem

sonnet
14 line verse form usually having one of several conventional rhyme schemes

english sonnet AKA Shakespeare sonnet
rhyme scheme with 3 quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg

italian sonnet
consisting of an octave with the rhyme scheme abbaabba and a sestet with one of several rhyme schemes, as cdecde or cdcdcd; Sonnet containing octave

rhyme
correspondance of sound between words or the ending of words

internal rhyme
rhyme involving a word in the middle of a line and another at the end of the line are in the middle of the next

slant rhyme
stressed syllables of ending consonants or the vowels match

end rhyme
rhyme of the terminal syllables of lines of poetry

rhyme scheme
the ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of lines of a poem or verse

alliteration
repetition of the same sounds or the same kinds of sounds at the beginning of words or in stressed syllables of an English language phrase

assonance
repetition of vowel sounds to set the mood or add to the meaning of words

consonance
refers to repetitive sounds produced by consonants within a sentence or phrase

onomatopoeia
formation of a word bu imitation of sounds made by or associated with its reference; meaning of words that suggest their sounds

repetition
word or phrase repeated to emphasize its significance in the entire text

similie
comparison of 2 things using like or as

metaphor
comparison of 2 dissimilar things without using like or as

extended metaphor
metaphor that is developed throughout paragraph or lines in a poem

implied metaphor
compare 2 unlike things but does not mention one of the things; implies the other by using a word or phrase that describes the unmentioned term and makes the comparison

personification
giving human qualities to an unhuman thing

hyperbole
exaggeration of ideas for the sake of emphasis

speaker
a person who speaks formally before the audience; narrates the story line

imagry
words or explanations that appeal to the 5 senses

diction
writers choice of words and his selection of graphic words not only affects the readers attitude but also conveys the writers feelings towards the literary work

mood
envokes a certain feeling or vibe in readers through words and descriptions; atmosphere of a literary piece

tone
compound of composition that encompasses the attitudes toward the subject and toward the audience implied in a literary work

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