CAN who caped running the conversation back to

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Last updated: September 25, 2019

CAN COMPUERS THINK AND ACT LIKE HUMAN BRAINS?What is the difference between computer and brains? Can  computer memory be compared with the humanbrain?  The first scientist whoexperimented to answer these questions related with the differences between machineryand humans was Alan Turing.

The first idea for measuring artificial intelligence was famously  known  asthe “Turing test”. In the script named, “computer machinery and intelligence”  Turing propose an interesting test.  A human judge had asmall talk with  players that they couldnot see. Their tasks was to appreciate  their responses. In order to pass the test acomputer machinery,  must had thecapability  to substitute  one of the game competitors withoutshifting  results. In more easily  words, a computer would be consideredintelligent if the conversation could not be easily differ  from humans. Turing forecasted  that by the year 2000 machines with 100 MB ofmemory would have the  capability  to easily pass his test, but he made a jumpingon.

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Even though today computers have far more memory than that, he hassucceeded and those  that have done well,focused more on finding  clever ways tofull judges  then using  impenetrable   computing powers. Thought it was never  vanquished  to a real test, the first program  that was thought to success was called”Eliza”. With a short and easy  script,it ménage to lead astray  many people,motivating  them to talk more andmirroring  their own individual  questions back at them. Another paw  was  named  “parry”.This script  took the opposite transaction by imitating a paranoid schizophrenic  who caped running  the conversation back to his ownpre-programmed obsessions. Their success in manipulating  people pointed out one impotence of the test.Humans regularly predicate intelligence to all series  of things that are not actually intelligent.

 Nerveless,  annual competition has made the test morenominal  with judges knowing   thatsome of their conversation’s partners are machines , but while the quality hasproved  that many chatbot programmershave used similar strategies to Eliza and Parry. 1997’s winner of competition”Catherine”, could carry amazingly focused in an intelligence conversation, butmostly if the judge wanted to talk about Bill Clinton and the more recentwinner  Jugine Goustman  was giving the persona the 13 years  young old Ukrainian boy, so judges interpretedits non isolation by using  a clear grammaras language and cultural barriers. Meanwhile, others programs like “cleverbot” have taken an differentapproach by  analyzing  very big data bases and real conversation todetermine the best responses. Some machinery also stored  memory of lastconversations in order to improve over time. But, while cleverbot’s individualresponses can sound like human, it is lack of consistent personality andinability to deal with brand new topics which have been  predicting  that today’s computers would be able todiscover planets and stars, perform difficult medicine operations  andsolve the most difficult math equations but, still struggle with the most basicsmall talk?! Human language turns out to be an amazing complex phenomenon thatcan not be captured even by the largest dictionary. Chatbots can be befoul  by simple exclamatory like:”Umm..” or  complex questions with no correct answer.

In a simple conversation, compositesentences like:” I took the juice out of the fridge and gave it to them , butforgot to check the date”,  requires  a wealth of underlining knowledge andintuition. It turns out that simulating a human conversation takes more thanjust an increasing memory and processes. As we get closer to Turing’s goal, wemay have to deal with all these big questions about conscience.   There has been so many opinions about the differencesbetween the brain of humans and computer. The truth is that some tasks can notbe done by computer and on the other side there is no alternative incomputers  for doing  some specific tasks.

In fact computers aremade to solve problems in an algorithm way, whereas the human brain does notwork in this way. Many problems are solved according  to situation that people are found, takinginto account past events etc. If we analyze on this point of view, manyproblems in daily life can not be solve by making an algorithm or by googlingthe problem. Humans are great at language abilities, creative thinking ,pattern recognition.

One example of pattern recognition is face recognition. Weare able to recognize faces of people that we know and also we are able todistinguish the changes of people we know.(for example: if your best friendcuts her hair  you or when your brotherchanges the manner he acts with you, you are able to discern the change)Forthese kind of problems it is necessary  ahuman brain.

  On the other side humanbrain is unable to solve difficult problems such as programming or makingarithmetic calculations with very big numbers. This means that the need ofusing a computer is increasing day by day. We all agree that technology isdeveloping  with big  steps.

Recently have been invented robotswhich are in deep computers. Robots are going to replace human as individuals.They can clean, wash the dishes, they can even talk.  It is obvious that in the future human brainswill be replaced by future technology innovations. Furthermore, there is a theory that supports that computerswork like the brain. This is called:”hierarchical temporal memory”.

HMT  works by using three simple steps. Firstly, they analyze how the world works,by sensing many things around them. Secondly,  they are able torecognize the inputs which are part of the problem and finally they makepredictions of the events that will occur in the future.

Their biggestadvantages are that they are smarter and faster than a human brain. They havealso more memory and use a process of non-stop data.  Just like a human brain works.As a conclusion I would say that computers and  brains are similar and different at the sametime. By saying that I implicate that both of them have their importance.Computers can not be used without a human and a human needs a computer inhis  everyday life. Their memory, CPU,speed, their architecture and many other functions make computers a greatinvention.

  With the first computer inventeda revolution has became and life of humans is much easier. But, on the otherside is true that people wish to be and think  like computers, but weren’t humans who firstinvented them?!  

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