Type: Process Essays
Sample donated: Margaret Rogers
Last updated: September 25, 2019
CAN COMPUERS THINK AND ACT LIKE HUMAN BRAINS?What is the difference between computer and brains? Can computer memory be compared with the humanbrain? The first scientist whoexperimented to answer these questions related with the differences between machineryand humans was Alan Turing.
The first idea for measuring artificial intelligence was famously known asthe “Turing test”. In the script named, “computer machinery and intelligence” Turing propose an interesting test. A human judge had asmall talk with players that they couldnot see. Their tasks was to appreciate their responses. In order to pass the test acomputer machinery, must had thecapability to substitute one of the game competitors withoutshifting results. In more easily words, a computer would be consideredintelligent if the conversation could not be easily differ from humans. Turing forecasted that by the year 2000 machines with 100 MB ofmemory would have the capability to easily pass his test, but he made a jumpingon.
Even though today computers have far more memory than that, he hassucceeded and those that have done well,focused more on finding clever ways tofull judges then using impenetrable computing powers. Thought it was never vanquished to a real test, the first program that was thought to success was called”Eliza”. With a short and easy script,it ménage to lead astray many people,motivating them to talk more andmirroring their own individual questions back at them. Another paw was named “parry”.This script took the opposite transaction by imitating a paranoid schizophrenic who caped running the conversation back to his ownpre-programmed obsessions. Their success in manipulating people pointed out one impotence of the test.Humans regularly predicate intelligence to all series of things that are not actually intelligent.
Nerveless, annual competition has made the test morenominal with judges knowing thatsome of their conversation’s partners are machines , but while the quality hasproved that many chatbot programmershave used similar strategies to Eliza and Parry. 1997’s winner of competition”Catherine”, could carry amazingly focused in an intelligence conversation, butmostly if the judge wanted to talk about Bill Clinton and the more recentwinner Jugine Goustman was giving the persona the 13 years young old Ukrainian boy, so judges interpretedits non isolation by using a clear grammaras language and cultural barriers. Meanwhile, others programs like “cleverbot” have taken an differentapproach by analyzing very big data bases and real conversation todetermine the best responses. Some machinery also stored memory of lastconversations in order to improve over time. But, while cleverbot’s individualresponses can sound like human, it is lack of consistent personality andinability to deal with brand new topics which have been predicting that today’s computers would be able todiscover planets and stars, perform difficult medicine operations andsolve the most difficult math equations but, still struggle with the most basicsmall talk?! Human language turns out to be an amazing complex phenomenon thatcan not be captured even by the largest dictionary. Chatbots can be befoul by simple exclamatory like:”Umm..” or complex questions with no correct answer.
In a simple conversation, compositesentences like:” I took the juice out of the fridge and gave it to them , butforgot to check the date”, requires a wealth of underlining knowledge andintuition. It turns out that simulating a human conversation takes more thanjust an increasing memory and processes. As we get closer to Turing’s goal, wemay have to deal with all these big questions about conscience. There has been so many opinions about the differencesbetween the brain of humans and computer. The truth is that some tasks can notbe done by computer and on the other side there is no alternative incomputers for doing some specific tasks.
In fact computers aremade to solve problems in an algorithm way, whereas the human brain does notwork in this way. Many problems are solved according to situation that people are found, takinginto account past events etc. If we analyze on this point of view, manyproblems in daily life can not be solve by making an algorithm or by googlingthe problem. Humans are great at language abilities, creative thinking ,pattern recognition.
One example of pattern recognition is face recognition. Weare able to recognize faces of people that we know and also we are able todistinguish the changes of people we know.(for example: if your best friendcuts her hair you or when your brotherchanges the manner he acts with you, you are able to discern the change)Forthese kind of problems it is necessary ahuman brain.
On the other side humanbrain is unable to solve difficult problems such as programming or makingarithmetic calculations with very big numbers. This means that the need ofusing a computer is increasing day by day. We all agree that technology isdeveloping with big steps.
Recently have been invented robotswhich are in deep computers. Robots are going to replace human as individuals.They can clean, wash the dishes, they can even talk. It is obvious that in the future human brainswill be replaced by future technology innovations. Furthermore, there is a theory that supports that computerswork like the brain. This is called:”hierarchical temporal memory”.
HMT works by using three simple steps. Firstly, they analyze how the world works,by sensing many things around them. Secondly, they are able torecognize the inputs which are part of the problem and finally they makepredictions of the events that will occur in the future.
Their biggestadvantages are that they are smarter and faster than a human brain. They havealso more memory and use a process of non-stop data. Just like a human brain works.As a conclusion I would say that computers and brains are similar and different at the sametime. By saying that I implicate that both of them have their importance.Computers can not be used without a human and a human needs a computer inhis everyday life. Their memory, CPU,speed, their architecture and many other functions make computers a greatinvention.
With the first computer inventeda revolution has became and life of humans is much easier. But, on the otherside is true that people wish to be and think like computers, but weren’t humans who firstinvented them?!