Capitalist economies attempt toachieve continued economic growth through diversificationof the ways in whichnatural resources are exploited This is evident in the late-capitalistexploitation of previously untapped marine resources.
Like other forms ofwildlife tourism, whale-watching has been perceived uncritically as anon-consumptive activity. The assumption of sustainability has allowed forunregulated and accelerating capitalist production of whale-watching to bewidely perpetuated (James E.S Higham, 2015).
Whale watching educatesthe all universe including children and adults about our magnificent creaturethat share our world and importance of their habitat and whale watching is thusdefined as tours by boat, air or from land, formal or informal, with at leastsome commercial aspects, to see, swim with, and/or listen to any of 83 speciesof whales, dolphins and porpoises. And tours are that are strictly whale ordolphin oriented. whales are important animal in the world it helps maintainthe overpopulation animals in the sea. Blue whale is the largest mammalian inthe world(97ft) it consumes approximately 40 million krill per day and everyonecan identify impact of whales to aquatic eco system if blue whale species wereto become extinct even whales poop helps to offset carbon in the atmosphere andthis provides all animals good and healthy atmosphere when we take it with anamount that as much as 400,000 tons of carbon extracted from the whales in eachyear. we can see under the whale watching we look after cetaceans. In herecetaceans referred as whales and all the mammalians in the sea.
The most famousmammalians are in this industry we can identify, they are the humpback whales,gray whales, northern and southern right whales, blue whales, minke whales,sperm whales, short finned pilot whales, orcas and bottlenose dolphin. According to the reportswhale watching supply $2.1 billion per annum in tourism revenue (A.
M. Cisneros-Montemayor, 2010) and it isapproximately grown by 10% year by year (Simon O.Connor, 2009). This is a higheramount when we consider this with whaling. There are only 119 countries areavailable in the world to go for whale watching.
Sri Lanka is one of the top 10places for whale watching and Sri Lanka is one of the few places in the worldwhere, besides being able to go whale watching, swimming with blue whales. “Whale is worthmore alive and watched than dead” ( (Hoyt, 2001)When we study about whale tourismthe opposite side of this matter is whaling. In the 11th centurywhaling became a commercial enterprise. Spanish whalers joined for the whalingfleet from Holland England and American colonies. However, in the 19thcentury whaling became an unsustainable amount.
And they started to usegrenades and factory ships to catch more whales. In the 20th centurywhale population highly decreased. And after this incident InternationalWhaling Commission(IWC) made an international Body for to control the whaling,issued a global moratorium on commercial whaling in 1986, but Japan and Norwaycontinue whaling by breaching the regulations. The main factor who supportswhaling is Japan, so they have the largest whaling operation when compare otherwhaling countries such as Norway, Iceland, the Danish Faeroe Islands, St.
Luciaand St. Vincent & the Grenadines are the countries which support forwhaling. Normally a larger country takes up to 1,000 whales a year. When westudy about whales, 11 species of whales are endangered. They are the belugawhale, blue whale, bowhead whale, finback whale, gray whale, humback whale,killer whale, narwhale, right whale, sei whale, and sperm whale.
But these 11species also do show up on some whaling list. This figure shows that how manywhales killed by men past three years for meat.