What is important in shaping gender roles? Each people have each their own genders. They express it by the way they behave, the way they talk, the way they think, and so on. The gender role development is affected by biological, social and cultural factors. Some people believe that biological factor decides someone’s gender role by researching and studying gene reports. On the other hand, some people think that social factor is the most important element in person’s shaping gender. In other way, the cultural factor is believed that to be the most necessary thing in making human’s gender role.
So which one is the most important in shaping gender role? According to me, they are all needed equally for shaping gender roles The first element in shaping gender roles is the biological factor. According to scientists’ studies, men and women have differences in genetic structure. They prove that men have one X and one Y chromosome while the women just have two X chromosomes. Because of different chromosome structure, males and females grow up and behave in different ways. A boy will have deep voice, big muscle, huge body, and beard when they grow up. They also tend to be independent, aggressive, and fighting.
While women have developing their breast, small body and tend to be warm, dependence. The researchers sow that the genes just make different physical developments between male and female; the hormone decides different quantity. If a person produces more androgen, male hormone than estrogen, female hormone, he or she will behave like a man and vice versa. Therefore, hormone affects directly to gender roles. The second element in shaping gender role is the social factor. The psychologists believe that gender roles are affected by living environment like family, school, work, and so forth.
Children are taught how they behave by their sex when they are young. For instance, young girls will play piano, dress up or with doll toys while young boys play with ball, gun, and car toys. They just behave like what their parents want and tell them to do. However, when they go to school, they will be taught which behaviors are suited for their sex by their friends or their teacher. They will less do their parents’ requests. Social factors affect gender role so much, it can make a person behave wrong with his or her sex.
The third element in shaping gender roles is the cultural factor. Each country has its own cultures. In the normal men’s and women’s role, men will be major pillars in the family and women will be assistants. While men typically work hard and earn money outside, women do housework, cooking, and taking care of children. My family is an example. My father works outside everyday while my mother just stays at home take care of children. However, in some cultures, women play men’s role in the family. They do all things that a man should do and men do the contrary.
According to Margaret Mead’s anthropology study, in the Tchanbuli tribe, women play major pillar in the family like controlling, working hard. They are aggressive, strong and independent. While men are dependent feeble and stay at home. The gender roles are also affected by the cultural factor. With all things above, we can conclude that the biological, social, and cultural factors all affect in shaping gender roles. Each kind impacts the gender role by each different way. However, they give us many kinds of gender roles and make the world have more variety