Why did the plague spread so rapidly on the European continent in the mid-fourteenth century?
The bacterium that likely caused the disease, Yersinia pestis, followed major trade routes to and across the continent.
What is historians’ highest estimate for the percentage of the European population that perished from the plague between 1348 and 1400?
Why were the Jews frequently targeted as scapegoats in the wake of the Black Death?
The mass deaths revived allegations from centuries earlier that the Jews had poisoned wells and springs.
Which of the following initially precipitated the Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453)?
King Edward III of England invaded France at Calais and laid claim to the French crown.
Toward the end of the Hundred Years’ War, which of the following shifted support from England to France?
The duchy of Burgundy
What triggered Wat Tyler’s Rebellion in 1381?
The imposition of a universal tax to raise revenue for the Hundred Years’ War.
In The Defender of the Peace (1324), Marsilius of Padua stated that the…
true church consisted of the people, who should elect the pope.
The philosophical position known as Ockham’s razor maintains that…
simple explanations are to be preferred over complex explanations
An indulgence was a certificate offered by the church to…
reduce the time one spent in purgatory.
Why did Jan Hus’s ideas gain such a large number of followers in Bohemia?
His ideas tapped into the resentment of the Czech majority against the dominant and largely urban German-speaking minority.
Who were Cincius Romanus, Poggius Bracciolinus, and Bartholemaeus Politianus?
Delegates at the Council of Constance who admired the writings of the ancients
During the late medieval period, there was both a flowering of vernacular literature and a..
revival of classical learning that led to a new intellectual movement called humanism
In their quest to revive the cultural glory of the ancient world, Renaissance humanists focused much attention on..
classical history and literature.
What is Francesco Petrarch best known as?
The first humanist
What Renaissance humanist s known for the work Oration on the Dignity of Man?
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola
The open spaces, marketplaces, and public squares built in many Renaissance cities in Italy were known as…
Sandro Botticelli and other Renaissance painters mined the ancient world for new subjects, such as.
Which of the following is regarded as a single innovation in Renaissance art?
The use of linear perspective
What alliance brought together many cities in northern Germany and the Baltic for the purposes of trade and defense?
The Hanseatic League
Which of the following was a long-term result of the so-called Ciompi Revolt of 1378?
It led to the creation of a guild for the wool workers of Florence.
The political power of the Medici family of Florence stemmed from.
the wealth of the Medici bank and its involvement in papal finances
The term “humanism,” when applied to Renaissance Italy, refers primarily to the..
scholarly interest in the study of the classical cultures of Greece and Rome
“He desired glory and excellence beyond that of anyone else. He showed favor to vernacular poetry and all the fine arts. Under him the city was not free, but it would have been impossible for it to have had a better or more pleasing tyrant.”The passage above most accurately describes…
Lorenzo de’ Medici
Italian society differed form the rest of Europe during the Renaissance in which of the following ways?
number of urban commercial centers
The artistic technique depicted above is associated with which of the following periods?
All of the following were common subjects of the Italian Renaissance works of art EXCEPT…