Ch. 7 Cinema

Topic: EntertainmentAdvertising
Sample donated:
Last updated: April 27, 2019
Narrative
film that tells a story

Genre Film
A movie that fits a classic storytelling formula (science fiction, horror, action) and is typically made relatively inexpensively.

Documentary
Film that records actual events

Absolute (Avant-garde)
Film that exists for its own aesthetic sake

Mise-en-scene
Encompasses the entirety of the visual space of the production

Director
someone who supervises the actors and directs the action in the production of a show

Auteur Theory
whoever controls the mise-en-scene is the true “author” of the film

Editing
The process of assembling the various pieces or shots of a film

Cutting
simply joining together shots during the editing process

Jump cut
a cut that breaks the continuity of time by moving forward from one part of the action to another that is obviously separated from the first by an interval of time, location, and camera position

Dissolve
A means of ending a scene

Fade
gradually ceasing to be visible

Montage
a quick succession of images or impressions used to express an idea

Viewpoint
the author’s perspective or opinion on an issue or topic

Shot
what the camera records over a particular period of time and forms the basic unit of film making

Establishing shot
a long shot introduced at the beginning of a scene to establish the interrelationship of details, a time, or a place

Long shot
Places the camera a considerable distance from the subject

Close-up
even nearer to the subject

Two shot
close-up of two people

Bridging shot
one inserted in the editing of a scene to cover a brief break in continuity

Tightly framed
closer the shot, the more confined the figures seem

Objective viewpoint
takes the form of an omnipotent viewer, roughly analogous to the technique of third-person narrative in literature

subjective viewpoint
The scene unfolds as if the audience were actually participating in it, and we see the action from the filmmaker’s perspective

cutting within the frame
A method of shooting film that avoids the necessity of editing

pan
follows as it moves from right to left on the screen

wipe
from of optical transition in which an invisible line moves across the screen, eliminating one shot and revealing the next.

iris in/out
closing and opening the aperture if the lens can also be used to transition

depth of focus
when the lens clearly shows both near and distant objects at the same time

differential focus/ rack
main object stays clear while the remainder of the scene blurs out of focus

track
shot taken as the camera moves in the same direction, at the speed, and in the same pace as the object being photographed

tilt
moves the camera vertically or diagonally, and adds variety to a sequence

dolly shot
moving the camera toward or away from the subject

zoom shot
The camera appears to move closer to or further away from the subject.

cinema vérité
A way of filming real-life scenes without elaborate equipment, playing down the technical and formal means of production (script, special lighting, etc.) and emphasizing the circumstantial reality of the scene. Often used in documentaries.

cross cutting
An alteration between two separate actions that are related by theme, mood, or plot but occur at the same time

parallel development
subtle case of crosscutting- the juxtaposition allows the audience to draw their own inferences and added meaning

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