Throughout 1928, the American stock market,A.
saw the number of shares traded daily soar.B. saw the average price of stocks rise slightlyC. had slowly declined in valueD. had rapidly lost valueE. saw brokerage firms restrict credit to those buying stock
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A. saw the number of shares traded daily soar
All of the following were factors of the Great Depression EXCEPTA.
an unstable European economyB. a lack of diversification in the U.S.
economyC. a maldistribution of distributing powerD. conservative banking policies that restricted the availability of loansE.
weak consumer demand
D. conservative banking policies that restricted the availability of loans
After 1929, in the face of the worsening global crisis, the U.S.A. reduced the debts owed by European nations to AmericaB. forgave the debts owed by European nations to AmericaC. demanded immediate payment to all debts owed by European nations to AmericaD. refused to alter the payment schedule of European nations to AmericaE.
forgave the debts owed by former allies during the War, and reduced the debts of other nations
D. refused to alter the payment schedule of European nations to America
In 1932, the unemployment rate in Toledo, Ohio was one of the worst in the nation at A. 40%B. 60%C. 70%D. 80%E. 95%
In the 1930s, the “Dust Bowl”A. was created by the nation’s economic collapseB. stretched from Kansas to CaliforniaC. experienced years of heavy rainfallD. was created by grasshoppersE.
was a product of changing environmental conditions
E. was a product of changing environmental conditions
The 1931 Scottsboro case sawA. black teenagers accused of rape by two white womenB. a Georgia jury convict all of the black youthsC. the Supreme Court reaffirm the death penalty convictionsD. 8 of the convicted youths executed for crimes they didn’t commitE. All of the above
black teenagers accused of rape by two white women
In the 1930s , the largest Japanese and Chinese American populations were found inA. OregonB. Arizona C. Washington D. HawaiiE. California
For women, the economic pressures caused by the Great DepressionA.
weakened the notion that a woman’s proper place was at home B. saw men move into jobs traditionally held by professional womenC. forced most women out of the labor force D. saw the federal make it illegal for married women to work outside the home E. affected service and clerical positions held by women more than they did in jobs of heavy industry
saw men move into jobs traditionally held by professional women
As a result of the Great Depression, the social values in the U.S.A.
saw American embrace nearly any idea that was new or unconditionalB. saw a majority of Americans question the future of democracy C. seemed to change relatively littleD. saw most Americans turn against the traditional “success ethic”E.
saw the idea of individual initiative fall into disrepute
C. seemed to change relatively little
During the 1930s, in regard to radio,A. the largest proportion of programming was devoted to newsB. most programs were increasingly prerecordedC. around half of all American homes own a radioD. listening was often a community experience E. radio sets were basically unusable in rural areas without electricity
D. listening was often a community experience
In the 1930s, all of the following films offered social commentary on the U.
S. and the Great Depression EXCEPTA. Our Daily BreadB.
It Happened One NightC. The Grapes of WrathD. Mr. Smith Goes to WashingtonE.
Mr. Deeds Goes to Town
B. It Happened One Night
During the 1930s, American literatureA. offered a greater guarantee of social commentary than did either radio or moviesB. saw most popular books or magazines focus of the Great DepressionC. saw photographic magazines lose much of their readership due to the high cost of the issuesD.
faced censorship laws that suppressed criticisms of American politics and cultureE. adopted a more pessimistic, although no less radical approach to society in the later 1930s
A. offered a greater guarantee of social commentary than did either radio or movies
During the 1930s, the most important group within the Popular Front was the A. Socialist PartyB.
Federation of LaborC. Communist PartyD. Progressive PartyE. Americans for Democratic Action
C. Communist Party
During the 1930s, the American Communist Party,A. distanced itself from the Soviet UnionB. excluded most minorities from its rankC.
supported Francisco Franco in the Spanish Civil WarD. both distanced itself from the Soviet Union and excluded most minorities from it’s ranksE. None of the Above
During the 1930s, the Southern Tenant Farmer’s UnionA. sought to organize the rural poor across racial linesB. was formed by the American Communist PartyC. concerned the federal government as a powerful force of rural administrationD. both sought to organize the rural poor across the racial lines, and concerned the federal government as a powerful force of rural administrationE. All of the above
sought to organize the rural poor across racial lines
As Herbert Hoover began his presidency, heA. considered the country to have a bright economic futureB. assumed the economy might suffer a mild recessionC.
feared a depressionD. called for voluntary guidelines to stabilize the stock marketE. renounced his earlier policy of associationalism
A. considered the country to have a bright economic future
As the depression deepened, President Herbert HooverA.
encouraged business men to reduce their industrial production B. grew less willing to increase federal spendingC. began to experiment with untried economic principlesD. called for a reduction in taxesE. stopped worrying about trying to balance the budget
B. grew less willing to increase federal spending
The Hoover administration addressed the economic situation of American farmers withA. the Agricultural Marketing ActB.
the Soil Conservation ActC. the Agricultural Adjustment ActD. the Farm Security AdministrationE. the Rural Electrification Act
A. the Agricultural Marketing Act
The Reconstruction Finance CorporationA. was to provide federal loans to troubled banks and businessesB. was created in the last year of Herbert Hoover’s administrationC.
included a $1.5 billion public works budgetD. both A and CE. All of the above
E. All of the above
In 1932, the Farmer’s Holiday AssociationA. began and spread throughout the SouthB. was essentially a farmers’ strikeC.
led to more public money being sent to rural areasD. called on farmers to leave their lands unplantedE. argued that farmers should also reap the benefits of welfare capitalism
B. was essentially a farmers’ strike
The federal government’s response to the “Bonus Army” included A. the use of 6 tanks to rout the veterans from WashingtonB. General MacArthur exceeding his orders to remove the veteransC. the injuring of over 100 marchersD.
A and CE. All of the above
E. All of the above
In 1932, FDR’s promise of a “new deal” for America included a commitment toA. spend billions of dollars to assist in the economic recoveryB. provide relief jobs to millions of unemployed AmericansC. pass legislation establishing a nationwide program of social securityD. both spend billions of dollars to assist in the economic recovery, and provide relief jobs to millions of unemployed AmericansE.
None of the above
E. None of the above
Between his election in 1932 and the inauguration in 1933, FDRA. declared he would dramatically increase government spendingB.
promised to maintain a balanced federal budgetC. made no public statementsD. refused to make any agreements with the outgoing president, Herbert HooverE.
began laying the groundwork for his social security legislation
D. refused to make any agreements with the outgoing president, Herbert Hoover