Chapter 26

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Last updated: December 5, 2019

Which of the following statements describes television in the United States during the late 1940s and 1950s?A. The television industry was subsidized by the US governmentB. Television actually stimulated movie attendance through the use of advertisingC. The emergence of television contributed powerfully to the diversity of Amercan cultureD. It transformed American culture as much as the automobile had in the 1920s
D.

Which of the following statements describes women and their relationship to work and family life in the postwar decades?A.

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Prosperity allowed even working-class women to devote themselves solely to domesticityB. Most “women’s jobs” were in teaching, nursing, or the service sectorC. Most women who felt the desire for a career sought therapy in search of a cureD. Few married, middle-class women worked outside the home until the 1970s

B.

Which of the following job categories grew explosively in the US in the 1950s and came to symbolize the era?A. Independent entrepreneursB. Blue-collar workersC. White-collar managersD. Unskilled laborers
C.

In the 1950s, most Puerto Rican immigrants settled in A. ChicagoB.

New YorkC. MiamiD. Kansas City

B.

Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin are both associated withA. the polio vaccineB. televisionC.

cultural dissentD. the civil rights movement

A.

Which of the following phenomena served as an engine of postwar economic growth?A. Radio and print media advertisingB. Spending on national securityC. TelevisionD.

The civil rights and feminist movements

B.

The term restrictive covenants during this period generally refers toA. the promise of GI mortgages to veteransB.

Federal Housing Authority contractsC. the CIO campaign for higher wagesD. prohibitions on black residents in some communities

D.

The great resurgence of evangelical religion in 1950s America was most evident in the dramatic rise in popularity ofA. Fulton J SheenB. Norman Vincent PealeC. Billy GrahamD.

Billy Sunday

C.

Which of the following became a symbol of the postwar housing boom in the USA. Levittown B. Urban renewalC. The SunbeltD. The slogan “half down and ten years to pay”
A

Which of the following paris are correctly matched?A. Allen Ginsberg-author of a groundbreaking study on sex in AmericaB.

Hugh Hefner-founder of Playboy magazineC. Alfred Kinsley-prominent gay activist in the 1950sD. Del Martin-famous Beat author and poet

B.

Record sales boomed in the United States during the 1950s because ofA.

the timeless appeal of Frank Sinatra and Bing CrosbyB. a resurgence in the popularity of swing and big band musicC. the golden age of Broadway musicals, including Camelot and South PacificD. the emergence of rock n roll as a popular new musical genre

D.

The ideal family, as presented in the media of the 1950s, with a stay-at-home mom and a father as the breadwinner, wasA. an accurate representation of American lifeB. true only for urban family lifeC. not representative of divers American cultureD.

undermined by government tax plicies

C.

An unexpected result of building the interstate highway system was that itA. precipitated the decay of American urban areasB. revealed and exaggerated regional differencesC.

hurt the petroleum industry as Americans traveled less by air and railD. created a problem in the real estate industry

A.

Which of the following describes the famous kitchen debate of 1959?A. Nixon argued that the United States was technologically superior to the USSR in almost every areaB. Khrushchev was greatly impressed and envious of the new American consumer appliancesC.

Nixon and Khrushchev each agreed that the US and USSR were technological and military equals.D. It settled no greater political purpose, but it revealed the commercialism of the postwar American dream

D.

Which of the following phenomena served as a major engine for consumption in the United States during the 1950s?A. Urban revitalization B. Rural electificationC. the baby boomD. the space race
C.

The space race began afterA.

the Soviet Union exploded its first nuclear deviceB. President Eisenhower signed the Outer Space Exploration ActC. Americans learned that the Soviet union had launched the first space satelliteD. JFK called for the US to put a man on the moon by the end of the 1960s

C.

Which of the following describes Alan Freed, who made his mark on American culture in the 1950s?A. It was the real name of the early rock star Buddy HollyB. He introduced Elvis Presley to the American public on his popular television program in 1956C.

His Cleveland radio show introduced white America to black musicD. Freed discovered Elvis’s talent and gave him his first major recording contract

C.

Which of the following describes the urban renewal projects that took place in US cities in the 1950s?A. Urban residents strongly supported the projects, which provided new, modern housingB. Urban renewal projects promoted racial integration in segregated neighborhoodsC. The federal government funded and undertook such projects over the protests of state and city governmentsD. Urban renewal efforts coincided with an increase in cities’ black, Latino, and Native American populations
D.

Which of the following factors spurred congressional approval of the Interstate Highway Act?A. The destruction of the mass-transit systemsB. The New DealC.

The Fair DealD. The Cold War

D.

Beginning in the 1960s, the influx of Cuban refugees rapidly changed the character ofA.

New York CityB. Los AngelesC. DenverD. Miami

D.

The GI Bill (1944) stimulated the American economy byA. granting specialized legal protections to labor unions founded by veteransB. giving each state directly millions of dollars to build new public universitiesC. subsidizing higher education and financing millions of mortgagesD.

allowing unemployed veterans to rejoin the military for pay at any time

C.

The broadly based postwar labor-management accord broughtA. declining market share for American industryB. a permanent peace between labor and managementC. a general acceptance of collective bragainingD. movement of businesses overseas, where labor was inexpensive
C.

Which of the following statements describes post WWII America?A.

City life flourished at the expense of the suburbsB. Americans enjoyed the highest standard of living in the worldC. Suburbs welcomed blacks and LatinosD. Consensus replaced youthful rebelliousness

B.

Which of the following was an impetus for the post WWII baby boom?A. The Roman Catholic Church’s successful stand against birth controlB. The declining average age of marriage for women and menC. Government incentives, chiefly tax credits to familiesD. Increased welfare payments to mothers with dpendent children
B.

Which of the following statements chharacterizes the pressure felt by middle-class American women during the 1950s?A. Cultural messages indicated that domesticity should be women’s highest priorityB. Prominent experts claimed that “well-adjusted” women could handle jobs and motherhoodC.

The media stressed the importance of women’s financial contributions to their familiesD. Television preachers stressed that unhappy housewives should repent for their “materialistic sins”

A.

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