Children’s Lit Final

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Last updated: April 28, 2019

The person who is considered to be the first author of the modern fairy tale is ____________
Hans Christian Anderson

A modern fairy tale is different from traditional literature because _______
It has an identifiable author

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Many fantasy stories seem familiar to us because they are based on ______
Traditional folklore literature

Fantasy is an important genre for children because it helps the child to ________
imagine and to conceive alternatives

One of the themes that is commonly found in fantasy children’s literature is _________
the struggle between good and evil

The shift in a time-fantasy is often instigated by _______
an object

When authors write science fiction, they must be ________ with scientific facts
consistent

A good way to introduce fantasy literature to young children is through ________
Animal fantasy

Edward Tulane is a ________
Rabbit doll

Science fiction differs from fantasy in that it suggests __________
a world that might be possible

High fantasy is characterized by ________
A recurring theme or motif

In Charlotte’s Web, we do not find out that the farm animals can talk until the third chapter.

This is an example of making the fantasy believable by _______

Grounding the story in reality

Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone is an example of _________
Extraordinary worlds

This title is not an example of high fantasy _______
Winnie the Pooh

Children enjoy stories of suspense and the supernatural because _________
They enjoy being frightened

True or False: The great fantasies frequently reveal new insights into the world of reality.
True

True or False: Many modern-day fantasy authors borrow directly from the characters and myths of folklore.
True

True or false: Fantasy novels quickly become dated.
False

True or False: Authors of fantasy have the task of creating wholly unbelievable worlds.
False

True or False: A well-written fantasy has internal consistency.
True

True or False: Animal fantasy appeals to young children.
True

True or False: One of the first modern books of fantasy to incorporate an extraordinary world was Lewis Carroll’s Alice in Wonderland.

True

True or False: Children’s fantasy often incorporates elements of magic.
True

True or False: The genre of fantasy is unique and unrelated to other genres.
False

True or False: Time-shift fantasy appeals to our desire to know what it would have been like to live in the past.
True

True or False: High fantasy is generally more complex than animal fantasy.
True

True or False: C.

S. Lewis is the author of The Dark is Rising series.

False

True or false: High fantasy often involves quests and adventures.
True

True or false: Authors of science fiction must extend their story from the technology available today.
True

True or false: Well-written science fiction can raise questions about present day society and our future.

True

a narrative that is symbolical
allegory

collective images or shared symbols in Jungian psychology that are thought to be present in the individual psyche.
Archetypes

_______ is defined both as the network of information shared by computers around the world and as virtual reality.
Cyberspace

a concluding part added to a work of literature.
epilogue

a humorous or clever retelling of a traditional story.
Farcical versions

a story that describes a main character who demonstrates courage and who is admired for his or her brave and noble deeds.
hero story

an object that has magical properties; the children in books of fantasy often possess a magical object, know a magical saying, or have magical powers themselves.
magical object

a story created by the imagination of the author that is written in the style of a fairy tale from the oral tradition.
modern literary folktale

tales that explore the issues of correct and incorrect behavior.

morality tale

literary work that, although published at a later date, portrays events in a series prior to the events of a previously published work.
prequel

a preface or an introduction to a work of literature.
prologue

a work of literature that is complete unto itself, but follows the narrative of a previous work.
sequel

the use of fiction to contemplate what our future world might be like; one of the values of science fiction is its ability to develop children’s imagination and intuition as well as exercise their speculative and improvisational abilities.
speculative fiction

_______ fantasies that are based on characters that appear to shift easily from their particular moment in the present to a long-lost point in someone else’s past.

Usually these time leaps are linked to a tangible object or place that is common to both periods.

time-shift fantasy

The most important theme present in A Bridge to Terabithia by Katherine Paterson is ________
The theme that best addresses the reader’s needs at that time

Imaginative writing that accurately reflects life as it was lived in the past or could be lived today is _________
realistic fiction

A value of contemporary realistic fiction is that it provides _______ for children
role models

Imaginative writing that focuses on issues of living today is _________
contemporary realistic fiction

The following is an example of sex-role stereotyping that should be avoided ________
A boy is scolded for crying over the death of his pet

The idea that only minority authors should write about the experience of their particular minority culture is
debatable

When evaluating violence and graphic narratives in children’s books, an appropriate criteria would be ________
Both sides of the conflict should be given

Contemporary realistic fiction may be controversial because people debate over ________
how “real” a children’s book should be

What is problematic about assigning grade levels to books?
Children have varying interests and reading abilities

Good stories about people with physical disabilities provide ________
positive images of people with disabilities that children can identify with

Realistic fiction today reflects society’s concern for honesty about ______ and _____
aging, dying

A teacher should address a child’s reading of series books by _________
Knowing and honoring the series books while recommending related quality literature

Some popular categories of contemporary realistic fiction are _______, ________, and ________
Mystery, animal stories, sports stories

Books about Native Americans told with an authentic view of culture are ________
hard to find

True or False: Children prefer fantasy to realistic fiction.
False

True or false: Realistic fiction helps children to understand the human condition.
True

True or false: Realistic fiction can help to reassure children that they are not alone in feeling what they feel.

True

True or false: More controversy surrounds the writing of contemporary realistic fiction than perhaps any other kind of literature.
True

True or false: There are many subjects that are inappropriate for children.
False

True or false: High quality contemporary realistic fiction stories depict adults and the elderly in many ways.
True

True or false: Children in middle school do not care what their peers think.
False

True or false: Contemporary realistic fiction can help children reflect on the process of growing up.
True

True or false: Children shouldn’t waste their time reading series books.

False

True or false: Survival stories appeal to children in the middle grades.
True

True or false: Issues related to disability should be treated with care to avoid stereotypes.
True

True or false: There are many stories for elementary children that address the topic of mental illness.

false

True or false: Realistic fiction avoids the topic of death; death is too complex for young children.
false

True or false: Books can help children to understand that all people are more alike than they are different.
false

True or false: There are many authentic well-written novels about the Native American experience.
False

the story of every man and every woman is the story of growing up, of ______ a person, of struggling to become one’s own person.

becoming

________ _________ focuses on the problems of living today.
contemporary realism

_________ _________ portrays life as it may have been lived in the past.
historical realism

________ _________ may be defined as imaginative writing that accurately reflects life as it was lived in the past or could be lived today. Everything in such a story can conceivably happen to real people living in our natural physical world
realistic fiction

_______ _______ have powerful appeal to children in middle grades.

Numerous stories in all genres portray an individual child or a small group of children, without adults, in situations that call for ingenuity, quick thinking, mastery of tools and skills, and strength of character.

survival stories

The Midwife’s Apprentice by Karen Cushman is set in __________
Medieval times

A value of historical fiction for children is that it helps children ____________
judge the mistakes of the past more clearly

What genre isn’t as popular with today’s readers?
historical fiction

Historical fiction stories are set ________
in the past

One of the best known stories for children about the American Revolution is ___________
Johnny Tremain by Esther Forbes

The genre of historical fiction does not include ________
authentic journals

Writers of historical fiction should be ________ and ________
accurate, authentic

In Johnny Tremain, Esther Forbes uses the technique of ________
Weaving fiction around real events

When evaluating historical fiction, teachers must be aware of __________
the reasoning behind an author’s decisions about how to present the events of the story

Books of historical fiction must first of all ________
Tell a good story

A recurring theme in children’s historical fiction is __________
The quest for freedom

An effective way to use historical fiction in the classroom is to ___________
Group titles according to themes that cross time periods

True or false: Children today find historical fiction very appealing.
False

True or false: Publishers of historical fiction have capitalized on children’s interests in series books.

True

True or false: Historical fiction can help children understand and judge the mistakes of the past.
true

True or false: A book that does not include at least one real figure from history is not considered historical fiction.
false

True or false: The Little House books were carefully researched by the author and represent a deliberate reconstruction of the life and times of a period long past.
false

True or false: The strictest standards for authenticity must be applied to historical fiction that incorporates real people and events.
true

True or false: Writers of historical fiction must thoroughly research and attempt to understand the time period they are writing about.
true

True or false: It is okay to bring updated attitudes to stories about the past in order to avoid perpetuating stereotypes.
false

True or false: Authors of historical fiction should omit language that is offensive by today’s standards.

false

True or false: Historical fiction helps children to get a feel for what life was like in the past.
true

True or false: There are very few children’s books written about colonial America.
false

True or false: Johnny Tremain by Esther Forbes takes place during the Civil War.
true

True or false: Authors of historical fiction have liberty to invent characters and events; however, they should not contradict the actual record of history.
true

True or false: Books that include time travel cannot be considered historical fiction.
false

True or false: Historical fiction is uncontroversial because it is about past events.

false

genuineness, accuracy; standards of _________ must be applied most rigorously to stories that give a prominent place to real people and real events.
authenticity

misrepresentation of historical facts.
Contradiction and distortion of facts

the perspective of a cultural group.
Cultural perspective

the perspective of recorded history
Historical perspective

the way professional historians have studies and interpreted the central events of the story.
Historiography

enjoyed through imagined experience.

vicarious

The term nonfiction is currently preferred over informational because informational is associated with _________ and _______
encyclopedias, textbooks

If a nonfiction book about Japan made the statement, “Everyone in Japan loves rice,” this would be an example of making a ___________
sweeping generalization

The ________should be considered when evaluating whether a nonfiction book has been written appropriately for the intended audience of the book
The interest level

The organization of a nonfiction book can be accomplished through the use of ___________
chronology

It is of primary importance for nonfiction books to be ______ and _______
Accurate and authentic

A nonfiction book that contains the statement, “The small fish was so scared that he began to sob hysterically,” should be critiqued for using _________
anthropomorphism

An author can involve a child in the process of inquiry by asking ________
open-ended questions

A specialized book gives _____
specific information about a relatively limited topic

An author of a photographic essay uses the camera to _________
Tell a story through photographs

A concept book explores _________
the characteristics of a class of objects or an abstract idea

A life-cycle book about an animal is likely to include ___________
A discussion of the animal’s birth

A nonfiction trade book often has this advantage over a textbook: it is more ______
up-to-date

A survey book gives ________
Gives an overall view of a substantial topic

Captions explain _______
images for the reader

True or false: Adults should determine the age-appropriateness of nonfiction books for children.
False

True or false: Very young children prefer fiction to nonfiction books.
false

True or false: Recent nonfiction books for children rely increasingly on visuals.
true

True or false: Nonfiction books for primary-grade children need to be written with a restricted list of vocabulary words.
false

True or false: Nonfiction books about the past are less likely to be rapidly outdated.
true

True or false: NCTE established the Orbis Pictus Award in 1990.
true

True or false: The Robert F. Sibert Informational Book Award honors the most well-written encyclopedia for children each year.

false

True or false: It is important to check the author’s background to determine a nonfiction book’s authenticity.
true

True or false: An important way to evaluate a nonfiction book is to review the book for missing information.
true

True or false: Children can readily recognize the difference between fact and fiction.
False

True or false: In nonfiction, the assignment of human characteristics to animals, plants, or inanimate objects is called personification and is an accepted literary device.
false

True or false: Point of view, sense of time, and word choice are important elements of nonfiction writing.
true

True or false: Illustrations can greatly enhance the information presented in a nonfiction book.

true

True or false: Survey books present the results of an interview given to a substantial number of people.
false

True or false: Specialized books usually focus on one major topic.
true

in poetry and fiction, the assignment of human feelings and behavior to animals, plants, or inanimate objects is called personification—an accepted literary device that can be used with great effect.

In science, however, this device is unacceptable

Anthropomorphism

a reference in one section of the book that refers to another section of the book; for example, an index.
cross reference

nonfiction authors sometimes use direct address—sentences that speak to the reader as “you.”
direct address

reading with the purpose of carrying away factual material.
efferent

in its simplest form a(n) ___________ is a naming book, and this may well be the first sort of book that a very young child sees.
identification book

books that are fiction yet contain a good deal of factual information.
informational book

___________ books cover all or some part of the cycle of life, from the birth of one animal to the birth of its progeny, or the events of one year in the animal’s life, or the development of one animal throughout its lifetime.
life cycle

literature that is based in the actual, rather than the imagined.

nonfiction

nonfiction books presented in a picture-book format.
nonfiction picture books

In 1990, the National Council of Teachers of English established the _____ ______ Award for Outstanding Nonfiction for Children. Its name commemorates what is thought to be the first book of facts produced for children
Orbis Picture

a collection of photographs that relies on the camera in different ways: to particularize general information, to document emotion, and to assure the reader of truth in an essentially journalistic fashion.
photographic essay

a glossary that uses illustrations to aid younger readers.
picture glossary

The text states that the most important goal of a literature program is to have children ___________
become lifetime readers

A primary grade teacher should read aloud _________
At least twice a day

A discussion of the elements of literature should take place _____________
only after children have had a chance to respond personally to a book

If we want children to become readers we should: ________
surround them with books of all kinds

Storytelling is different from reading aloud because ________
No book is used with the audience during storytelling

The most important element of the classroom environment for literature is __________
An enthusiastic teacher

A teacher-made collection of resource materials about a book is known as a ________
Jackdaw

One value of making things in response to books is:__________
Children return to the book to verify information

The authors describe the primary purpose of a literature program as discovering _________
delight in books

A critic of a library book becomes a censor when he or she: ________
Tries to have a book removed from the shelves

The primary power in having children keep journals is _________
Children own the ideas in their journals

True or false: Children have difficulty expressing and supporting their opinions about books they have read.
false

True or false: The goal of a reading program is to teach children to read, and to teach children to enjoy reading.
true

True or false: If worried that parents might complain about the books being used in the classroom, teachers should follow a closed door policy and not communicate their intent.
false

True or false: Children should be discouraged from selecting their own reading material because they may choose texts that are too easy for them.
false

True or false: Children’s understanding of a story is best assessed through comprehension questions on worksheets.
false

True or false: Children learn research skills through the use of nonfiction texts.
true

True or false: Classroom libraries are the most important aspect of a classroom literature program.
false

True or false: Children should have access to a large number of books in a wide variety of genres
true

True or false: Children can develop an interest in books through listening to stories read-aloud by an adult or peer.
true

True or false: Reading aloud to intermediate students is not as critical as reading aloud to younger children.
false

True or false: Teachers should select picture books to read aloud to children in the intermediate grades.
true

True or false: Folktales are ideally suited for storytelling.
true

True or false: Literature discussion groups can help deepen students’ understandings of a book.
true

True or false: Quality literature provides models for student writing.
true

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