AD 449: Angles and Saxons are from Germany who invaded Great Britian
c 1300 BC: his epic was published
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700 BC: wrote both the Iliad and the Odyssey
c 5 AD: Roman poet who wrote Metamorphoses
c 360 AD: They replaced scrolls throughout Europe
c 650: Chinese sculpture from T’ang dynasty
600s: promotes everyday use of the Chinese language
640: where the famous library with the 300,000 papyrus scrolls were
c. 670: earliest English Christian poet who wrote hymns
ca. 700: an English epic
730: an English clergy who wrote the Ecclesiastical History of the English People
c. 759: Japanese anthology of about 4500 poems
Book of Kells
760: monks wrote these; an illuminated manuscript of Latin gospels
850: Famous cycle of Norse mythological poems
The Thousand and One Nights
900: a series of Arabian tales
The Exeter Book
c. 975: a collection of English poetry
The Tale of Genji
c. 1000: novel written by Lady Murasaki Shikibu
blond warriors called Brythons (another term of Britons)
Alfred the Great
871-899: led Anglo-Saxons against Danes
man-eating monster who lives at the bottom of a mountain lake
Golden guest hall built by Hrothgar; decorated with antlers of stags
Danish king and friend of Beowulf’s father
Geat warrior and part of Beowulf’s band; only one to assist him in his final fight
Invaders of Europe that came from Scandinavia
a quest story on a grand scale
rhythmic pause in a verse
A device employed in Anglo-Saxon poetry in which the name of a thing is replaced by one of its functions or qualities, as in “ring-giver” for king and “whale-road” for ocean.
severe or stern in appearance; undecorated
Brief, violent storm
humiliating someone in one’s authority
inflict severe punishment
cringing and pleading
powerful Greek warrior son of Peleus and Thetis
Greek warrior and companion of Achilles
commander of Trojan armies; son of King Priam and Queen Hecuba
another son of King Priam and Queen Hecuba
Trojan king; father of Prince Hector and Prince Paris
god of poetry, music and prophecy; only son of Zeus and Leto; sides with the Trojans
gates of Troy; Dardania is a city built near the foot of Mt.
one of Hector’s brothers
a Greek epic poem (attributed to Homer) describing the journey of Odysseus after the fall of Troy
formal plea for aid
in the midst of things
(Greek mythology) the king who lead the Greeks against Troy in the Trojan War
a sorrowful poem or speech
Gathering place for warriors
“money for a man”, the value of a person in money, depending on social status; in Germanic society, a fine paid by a wrongdoer to the family of the person he or she had injured or killed
very old; whitish or gray from age
A heap of combustibles for burning a corpse as a funeral rite.
sheath for sword or dagger
(v.) moved about in a secretive or sneaky way
Misgivings about something one feels is wrong
Central idea of a work of literature
A reference to another work of literature, person, or event
(n.) a false idea; something that one seems to see or to be aware that really does not exist
William the Conqueror
1027-1087: Norman king in 1066 he defeated Harold, the Anglo-Saxon king, to become the first Norman king of England
traveling composer and poet serving as paid entertainment usually
code of loyalty
collection of hidden coins, treasures, etc.
-able or -ible
is; can be
having characteristic of
er or or
person connected with
feeling, suffering, disease
a symbolic fictional narrative that conveys a meaning not explicitly set forth in the narrative.
A device in literature where an object represents an idea.
Directly says or thinks about character.
Other words in a direct characterization the reader is like.
Traits not actually stated but are determined by the reader from clues the author gives