Combo with APUSH Ch19 and 18 other

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Last updated: April 27, 2019

The rise of cities and industry
caused sweeping changes in all segments of American society.

The journalist who exposed How the Other Half Lives in urban tenements was
Jacob Riis

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One of the leading architects in late nineteenth-century America was
Louis H.

Sullivan.

If an American became ill in the 1870s,
home care would be the accepted form of treatment.

In the Victorian code of morality,
strict standards of behavior should be followed.

Most Americans in the 1880s
were church-attending Protestants.

After the Civil War,
reform movements remained active in American life.

The Comstock Law
legislated public morality.

What did the popularity of spectator sports indicate?
the increased amount of leisure time

The most famous of the urban political bosses in the late nineteenth century was
William Tweed.

The middle-class American family of the late nineteenth century
had a greater social function.

The New Woman
developed from the economic changes of the times.

The common-law doctrine of femme couverte
was revised to adapt to the changes of the period.

In the late nineteenth century,
motherhood and home were held in high esteem.

Public schools in the 1870s and 1880s
vigorously stressed discipline and routine.

A major difference between northern and southern schools was
southern states could not finance their schools.

As a result of the Plessy v.

Ferguson decision,

African American education was to be separate but equal to white education.

A major change in the college curriculum of the late nineteenth century was to
stress the practical application of education.

African Americans and other minorities
were not encouraged to participate in new educational opportunities.

Booker T. Washington
believed that self-help was the best plan for African Americans.

W.

E. B. Du Bois

believed educational advancement was the key to success.

In 1890, what percentage of New York City residents were of foreign birth or foreign parentage?
80%

Which of the following statements about late nineteenth-century immigrants is NOT true?
Most were highly skilled craftsmen.

By the end of the nineteenth century, most immigrants arrived from
southern and eastern Europe.

For most Americans, the new immigrants of the late nineteenth century
were seen as threats to the future of society.

As the new immigrants entered American society,
they clung to the customs of their native countries.

By 1900, there were 51 states and territories in the United States. How many required compulsory school attendance?
31

One consequence of the urban growth of the late nineteenth century was
powerful city political machines.

Which of the following was NOT a reason urban political machines stayed in power?
There was little regard for the political system.

The Social Darwinists
believed the laws of nature applied to society.

According to Henry George,
there was a wide gulf between rich and poor.

Which of the following men demanded strict laissez faire?
William Graham Sumner

A Social Gospel minister believed that
the church must actively participate in society.

The leading American advocate of Social Darwinism was
William Graham Sumner.

His theory of a single tax would have equalized wealth and raised revenue to aid the poor.
Henry George

_____________ was the first spectator sport to develop after the Civil War.
Baseball

The _____________ gave large grants of land to states to establish agricultural colleges.
Morrill land grant act

The most famous political machine of the late nineteenth century was
Tammey Hall

Building the new skyscrapers depended on the invention of
electrical elevators.

In 1894, the Immigration Restriction League demanded a literacy test for immigrants from
southern and eastern Europe.

The notorious head of the New York City political machine was
William Tweed

Which of the following statements about American family life in the nineteenth century is NOT true?
Medical science was still hopelessly locked into the past

Which foreign country had the greatest impact on higher education in the United States in the late
Germany

The influential president of Harvard in the late 1800s was
Charles T. Elliot

____________ wrote the book Looking Backward that looked forward to a future of socialism in America.

Edward Bellamy

Jane AAdams was a founder of
Hull House in Chicago

The religious movement that believed Christianity must have a goal of meeting the needs of the urban poor was
the Social Gospel.

A founder of the National American Woman Suffrage Association was
Susan B. Anthony

Why were Americans fascinated by politics during the Gilded Age?
Most Americans saw it as a form of entertainment.

According to the theory behind the grandfather clause,
only whites could exercise their voting rights.

Which of the following groups made up the bulk of the electorate until 1900?
white males

Which of the following did NOT determine party loyalty in the late nineteenth century?
political ideology

Which of the following was NOT part of the Republican party’s platform in the post-Civil War period?
decentralized government power

The first state commisions
were advisory in nature

The Wabash stated that
states could regulate only intrastate commerce

The interstate commerce
was the first attempt at the federal regulation.

Until the 1890s,
the presidency was weaker than Congress.

The Pendleton Act
provided a merit system for the national government

Grover Cleavland
curtailed federal activities

Which of the following was NOT an accomplishment of the Harrison administration
Bland- Allison Act

The Sherman Antitrust Act
was vague and at the mercy of the Courts

The us v. E.

C. Knight

narrowed the definition of trusts and monopolies

those who supported the free coinage silver
were convicted it would help the agrarian sectors

the sherman silver act
kept limited silver coinage in circulation

Why was the Republican-controlled Congress of 1890 important?
Its legislation shaped the future policy of the nation.

Which of the following was NOT a reason for farm discontent in the late nineteenth century?
the inability to organize and voice their discontent

Which of the following was NOT an organization of farmers that sprang into existence in the late 1880s?
The Grange

Which of the following was NOT a consequence of the depression of 1893?
It brought rural and urban societies closer together.

The major objective of the Alliance Movement was
to organize and politicize the American farmer.

The panic of 1893
was caused by the economic changes of the period.

Which of the following was NOT a consequence of the Pullman Strike?
the workers had their demands met

By 1894,
the deadlock between the Republicans and Democrats ended.

Which of the following individuals was NOT a prominent American writer of the late nineteenth century?
Jacob Coxey

The literally naturalists argued that
the environment had a great effect in shaping human character.

The writings of Mark Twain
relied on the realism and humor of American life.

William McKinley was elected in
1896

in the 1890s, miners of the midwest
wewre seriously affected by th flood of immigrants from southern europe

the president of the us during the depression on 1893 was
Grover Cleavland

The major issue of the election of 1896 was
currency

Why was William Jennings Bryan defeated in 1896?
The established eastern press had deserted him.

As president, William McKinley
was an activist president.

the 1890s
shaped the destiny of the nation

In this case, the Supreme Court upheld the right of states to regulate commerce.
Munn v. United States

As Speaker of the House, he was able to force legislation through Congress.

Thomas Reed

The two major presidential candidates of the 1896 election were
William Jennings Bryan and William McKinley.

As the leader of the unemployed marching on Washington, he demanded that the government fund jobs.
Jacob Coxey

The individual who rocketed to national attention because of the Pullman strike was
Eugene V. Debs.

The president who entered the White House after the fraudulent election of 1876 was Grover Cleveland.
Rutherford B.

Hayes.

Which of the following presidents was assassinated in office?
James Garfeild

Which of the following presidents was a Democrat?
Grover Cleavland

Which one of the following court decisions severely crippled the Sherman Antitrust Act?
United States v. E. C. Knight

Which one of the following was NOT a demand of the Populist Party?
maintenance of the gold standard

The Populist candidate for president in 1892 was
James Weaver

The leader of the American Railway Union at the time of the Pullman strike was
Eugene V. Debs.

Early in the 1890s, the Democrats succeeded in
modestly reducing tariff levels.

The greatest change in American literature during the late 1800s was the rise of
realism

The leading naturalist writer of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was
Theodore Dreiser.

Why was American expansion of the 1890s different from earlier expansionist moves?
It would create economic and military colonies overseas.

Which of the following was the most broadly based labor organization in the late nineteenth century?
Knights of Labor

All of the following account for nativist sentiment against the “new immigrants” of the late nineteenth century EXCEPT that the immigrants
dominated the professions of law, medicine, and engineering

Which of the following was primarily responsible for the declining death rate in American cities at the end of the nineteenth century?
Cities built sewers and supplied purified water.

Helen Hunt Jackson’s A Century of Dishonor was significant because it aroused public awareness of the
wrongs that the federal government had inflicted on American Indians

The Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 was
not immediately successful in limiting business concentration

By the end of his presidency, Ulysses Grant’s popularity had declined substantially because of
the corruption evident in his administration

“Forty acres and a mule” refers to
the proposal to make freed slaves small-scale farmers

The first federal law to restrict immigration, passed in 1882, was aimed at
excluding Chinese immigrants

The political cartoonist who ended Boss Tweed’s career is credited with popularizing the donkey and the elephant as symbols for the Democratic and Republican parties.

He was

Thomas Nast

The injunction as a court order was often used in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century to
prevent labor unions from striking

For the period from the end of Reconstruction to 1900, the position of the Supreme Court toward civil rights is best characterized as
establishing the constitutionality of segregation

Immigrants coming to America from Eastern and Southern Europe during the late 19th century were most likely to
settle in large cities in the Northeast or Midwest

The Haymarket Incident involved
a riot between striking workers and police.

The “New Immigration” was made up primarily of
persons from Southern and Eastern Europe.

Which of the following is true of W.E.B. DuBois?
He founded the National Association for the advancement of Colored People.

Which of the following was among the objectives of Booker T.

Washington?

to encourage blacks to work hard, acquire property, and prove they were worthy of theirrights

All of the following groups were cowboys except
Chinese

Thomas Edison was instrumental in the invention of the
electric light

In the late nineteenth century, those political candidates who campaigned by “waving the bloody shirt” were reminding voters
of the “treason” of the Confederate Democrats during the Civil War.

The Crédit Mobilier scandal involved
railroad construction kickbacks.

One cause of the panic that broke in 1873 was
the construction of more factories than existing markets would bear.

The sequence of presidential terms of the “forgettablepresidents” of the Gilded Age (including Cleveland’s two nonconsecutive terms) was
Hayes, Garfield, Arthur, Cleveland, Harrison, Cleveland.

In the 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court ruled that
“separate but equal” facilities were constitutional.

The Compromise o f1877 resulted in
the withdrawal of federal troops from the South.

The Pendleton Act required appointees to public office to
take a competitive examination.

The “Billion-Dollar Congress” quickly disposed of rising government surpluses by (two answers)
expanding pensions for Civil War veterans. andincreasing spending on railroads and other transportation projects.

Which of the following was not among the platform planks adopted by the Populist Party in their convention of 1892?
government guarantees of “parity prices” for farmers

President Grover Cleveland aroused widespread public anger by his action of
borrowing $65 million in gold from J.P.

Morgan’s banking syndicate.

The greatest political beneficiary of the backlash against President Cleveland in the Congressional elections of 1894 were
the Republicans.

The first federal regulatory agency designed to protect the public interest from business combinations was the
Federal Anti-Trust Commission?

Andrew Carnegie
vertical integration

John D.

Rockefeller

trust

J. Pierpont Morgan
interlocking directorate

The “gospel of wealth,” which associated godliness with riches,
held that the wealthy should display moral responsibility for their God-given money.

National Labor Union
a social-reform union killed by the depression of the 187

Knights of Labor
the “one big union” that championed producer cooperatives and industria arbitration

American Federation of Labor
an association of unions pursuing higher wages, shorter working hours, a better working conditions

Which one of the following has the least in common with the other four?
bedroom communities

Settlement houses such as Hull House engaged in all of the following activities except
instruction in socialism.

Booker T. Washington believed that the key to political and civil rights for African Americans was
economic independence.

That a “talented tenth” of American blacks should lead the race to full social and political equality with whites was the view of
W. E. B.

Du Bois.

The United States government’s outlawing of the Indian Sun (Ghost) Dance in 1890 resulted in the
Battle of Wounded Knee.

The Dawes Severalty Act was designed to promote Indian
assimilation

The first major farmers’ organization was the
Patrons of Husbandry.

Jacob Coxey and his “army” marched on Washington, D.C., to
demand that the government relieve unemployment with a public works program.

President Grover Cleveland justified federal intervention in the Pullman strike of 1894 on the grounds that
the strike was preventing the transit of U.

S. mail.

________ wrote the book Looking Backward which looked forward to a future of socialism in America.

Edward Bellamy

The leading American advocate of Social Darwinism was
William Graham Sumner.

The ________ gave large grants of land to states to establish agricultural colleges.
Morrill Land Grant Act

The most famous of the urban political bosses in the late nineteenth century was
William Tweed.

Building the new skyscrapers depended on the invention of
the Bessemer process.

The Haymarket Square riot
weakened the national labor movement.

In the 1905 decision of Lochner v. New York, the Supreme Court
outlawed the use of injunctions in labor disputes.

As the leader of the American Federation of Labor, he tried to achieve pragmatic goals for his workers.
Samuel Gompers

The leader of the Knights of Labor was
Terence Powderly.

The ________ invited women and minorities to join.
Knights of Labor

Each of the following companies was a large scale retailer in the late nineteenth century EXCEPT
Walmart

The first modern trust was
Standard Oil

In which type of organization foes a company own all elements from raw material to finished product?
vertical integration

the two transcontinental railroads met at
Promontory, Utah

The aging American poet who most feared the impact of new industrial technologies on American life was
John Greenleaf Whittier.

Frederick Jackson Turner was
the historian who first developed the frontier thesis

The inventor of barbed wire was
Joseph Glidden

The Homestead Act of 1862 failed because
the land allotments were insufficient for farming arid land.

Which of the following was, perhaps, the greatest Native American victory over the United States Army?
Custer’s Last Stand

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