Type: Process Essays
Sample donated: Jacqueline Walton
Last updated: May 24, 2019
Control of substances hazardous to health is commonly referred toas ‘COSHH’. Under the control of COSHH regulation 2002, employers areresponsible for either preventing or reducing the risk or exposure to thingswhich are potentially hazardous to health. Almost every engineeringorganisation uses substances which can cause harm to employees. Thesesubstances can come in many different forms, such as:Fumes DustGasesChemicalsVapoursIna ford garage there are various harmful products present such as epoxy andIsocyanate, whichare commonly found in spray paints. These substances need to be controlled, asbreathing the paint mist may cause asthma.
In addition, they can also causedermatitis by skin contact. RiskassessmentIn order to minimise the exposure to workers, employees have toundertake a risk assessment. Thisrisk assessment is beneficial, because it allows you to understand thepotential risks associated and act accordingly.
The main objective is toprevent or control such substances, which can cause harm. Some of the ways inwhich you can control this, is by using controlled equipment, controlledprocedures or providing training to workers, so they can follow the correctcontrol measure and keep themselves safe. COSHHtraining COSHH training is required, it allows employees to identifymeasure and handle the exposure to substances that cause harm. This trainingtherefore safeguards employees. The COSHH training course helps you with:Understanding of how and which substances arepotentially hazardous to health.Knowledge of exposure times and limits.Greater understanding or how to controlexposure and make your workplace a safe place to workKnow the dangers associated.The consequences of COSHH regulations notbeing followed correctly.
Some of the basic equipment used tocontrol substances hazardous to health includes general ventilation, extractionsystems and enclosure in places where the air is notclean. PPEWhen employees are handling hazardous substances, it isabsolutely essential that they are wearing the correct Personal ProtectiveEquipment (PPE). It is the employer’s responsibility, to ensure that PPE isprovided and being used correctly. PPE is equipment that is used to protect theuser against risks and hazards at work. Examples of Personal Protective Equipment that employeesat Ford garages have to use may include items such as gloves, safety helmets,safety glasses, high visibility clothing, safety boots, face shields, safetyharnesses and respiratory protective equipment (RPE). All these protectiveequipment will ensure that the employees are safe from any potential hazardsand injuries. A person’s body can be exposed to hazardous substance bymany ways, which are listed below: Breathing:One of the ways a person can get exposed is by inhalinghazardous substances, such as bad fumes and gases. If the nose is notprotected, it can cause these substances to attack your respiratory system,which includes things such as your nose, throat, lungs and other differentparts of the body.
Physical damage:By touching substances directly or if the substance splasheson you, it can cause physical damage such as burns etc. These substances areharmful, and often irritate the skin when come in contact.Digestion:One of the main ways we expose our bodies to hazardoussubstances is through our mouths. If you have just handles controlledsubstances, and start to eat without washing your hands, it causes the harmfulsubstances to attach to the food and are then swallowed. This is why whenhandling substances like this it is crucial to wash your hands before and afteryour shift.
SubstitutionYou can also prevent exposure, by substituting substanceswith another substance. The advantage of this is that it will reduce/remove therisk of exposure. If you were to find an alternative substance, you shouldconsider the following:Decide if the substance or process is a hazardyou are going to use is a threat.Decide what the alternative areThink about the pros and cons if you use thosealternatives.
Compare the alternatives with the process andsubstance you are using.Decide if it is safe to substitute thesubstance.Substitutive is and check to see if it is forthe best.Main benefitsEveryyear, many employees/workers are ill due to hazardous substances. One of themain illnesses is Lung cancer and skin disease.
This is associated to manyworking conditions like oil and toxic fumes in engineering industries. Thesediseases cost millions each year to industry, society and the people affected.Byfollowing the correct COSHH regulations, a company can save millions and moreeffective, as they do not have to replace trained workers. In addition, theycan boost production and cut waste. In business healthy workers lead to healthyprofits.Some of the symbols for COSHH When using any product that a COSHH symbol, the manufactureor person providing the product should provide a safety data sheet. This sheetallows you to understand the risks and shows how to deal with them.
Employers should teach employees how to deal with anyaccidents and emergencies. They need to have arrangements in place, in caseanything goes wrong. They need the correct equipment present, to deal with theemergency.
In mychosen engineering organisation, which is the Ford COSHH data sheets and otherfiles associated with COSHH are kept in the health and safety managers’ office.This means that in case of any emergency, all employees/employers know where togo. After they are done using the chemicals, they have todispose the chemicals into a metal bin. This ensures that the chemicals aresafe away from people.
If by any chance the chemical spills then a specialpowder is spread around the chemical, to absorb it. Ford have set up a specialrecycling scheme, which ensures they cab safety dispose any chemical waste,without harming the environment in any way.RIDDOR1998 (Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations)RIDDOR is the reporting of injuries, Diseases and DangerousOccurrences. This is part of the RIDDOR regulation 1995. Employers at Ford are requiresby law to report any specified incidents in the workplace. Incidents caninclude; work related death, major injuries and accidents which require theemployer to be off for a minimum of 7 days. In addition, they need to reportany work related diseases even dangerous occurrences (near miss accidents).Other specifies injuries include:Fractures except the fingers, thumbs and toes,Any injury which can reduce your eyesight orpermanently lose your eyesight,Loss of unconsciousness caused by head injuryorSerious burns which cover over 10% of the bodyand also which causes a huge amount of damage to the eyes, respiratory systemand other organsWork related injuries/accidents only have to be reported, ifsomeone is injured whilst at work.
Work related accidents can occur due tovarious reasons. For example, how the work was carried out, the condition ofthe workplace, the safety of the machinery/equipment used. RecordkeepingAny specified injuries/accidents which are reported, are kept inrecords. The advantage of keeping suitable and accurate records is that ithelps you to identify any patterns in accidents and injuries. Therefore, thiswill help you when undertaking your risk assessments. In addition, when youprocess a work related claim, your insurance company will request to see therecords.
It is essential that the employees personal data records are kept privateand confidential, in order to comply with the Data Protection Act.Another requirement is that companies with more than 10 employeesare required to have an accident book under the social security law. The accident book can be ordered for ‘TheStationery Office’ (TSO- formerly HMSO- Her Majesty’s Stationery Office). Anyrecord of reportable injuries, accidents, dangerous occurrences or diseases,must be kept in a formal and well organised manner.
The records can be kept inplaces such as a file, computer, accident book or written log. RIDDOR record books at Fordmust be kept for at least 3 years. However, it is strongly advised to keep themfor a minimum of 6 years, in order to allow time for any civil litigation to bemade. Employers at Ford must ensure the record includes; the date and method ofreporting, the data, time and location of the incident, personal details ofthose involved and a brief description of the nature of the disease oroccurrence.Dangerous occurrences are near miss events. Not all near missoccurrences have to be reported. Examples of dangerous occurrences linked toworkplace include: plant or equipment coming into contact with overhead powerlines, accidently releasing a substance which could potentially harm you orothers around, overturning or failure of lifting equipment and load-bearingparts.
Ford has to report any diseases,deaths or injuries to HSE. Reporting an accident is not required for minorinjuries such as blisters or cuts. However, if an incident like suicide occursthen that does have to be reported. Furthermore, if a person is ill for morethan 7 consecutive days, then it will have to be reported to HSE. For example,if an employee gets into an accident but are off for a few days then it is nota reportable incident. It is absolutely essential for Ford to report anyincidents that happens to a member of the public or other people who are notpart of the workforce. LOLER – The Lifting Operations Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 The Lifting Operations Lifting Equipment Regulation oftenreferred to as LOLER ensures that companies follow correct procedures or havecontrol over lifting equipment.
This includes all business/organisations thatuse lifting equipment, regardless if they own the equipment or not. All liftingoperations, that involve lifting equipment must be checked and properly plannedby a skilled person. In addition, the skilled person has to appropriatelysupervise the workforce. This ensures that all lifting operations are carriedout in a safe manner.The LOLER legislation was introduced in 1998.
It wasintroduced to help significantly reduce the risks associated with liftingequipment. Till now it ensures the number of injuries and deaths are kept a lownumber. Before using lifting equipment such as cranes, you should plan themproperly.
Planning properly reduces the risk of any damage happening.The correct equipment is required for the lifting operation.LOLER requires that the lifting equipment must have strength and stability.When the load is lifted, it should have the ability to firmly grip the load andsignificantly reduce the risk of the load falling.
Lifting equipment will contain a marking on them with anumber and the letters SWL followed after. SWL is an acronym for Safe WorkingLoad. The SWL is the maximum load that the equipment can hold securely. Thisensures that the equipment only lift what they are capable of, which increasesthe level of safety. Any lifting operation must be pre-planned by a skilled,competent person. They have to be supervised correctly, to guarantee everythingis right. This ensures that all lifting operations are carried out in a safemanner.
Examples of lifting equipment include:Vehicle liftsForkliftsCranes Lifting accessoriesGoods/passenger liftExamples of lifting accessorises include:HooksRope slingsMagnetic devicesEyeboltsVacuum devices and chainEmployers at Ford, ensure that lifting operations area carried out safelyand swiftly. This is to minimise the risk of failure, as it can damage thelifting equipment or even the person operating the equipment. First they wouldhave to carry out risk assessments. If they can highlight any potential risksbeforehand, they can try and find ways to minimise the chance of the riskbecoming reality.