literal meaning of the word
figurative meaning, as well as overtones and nuances that a word or phrase suggests
layers that lie beneath the surface,
poems attitude towards the subject
stale, familiar words, phrases, and metaphors
poem’s ability to offer more than one plausible reading at a time
treating something inanimate as if it had the qualities of a person
two rhyming lines
measurement; poet makes a measure of a beat
a line consisting of one foot (one metrical unit)
a line of two feet
another kind of foot replaces the an iamb in a line
stressed syllable followed by unstressed syllable: TUM te; as this foot is just an inverted iamb, it is sometimes called an inversion.
two stressed syllables together: TUM TUM.
two unstressed syllables: te te; usually appears with a spondee.