Thesis Presented to The Thesis Committee of DMMA
College of Southern Philippines Tigatto Road, Buhangin, Davao City
In Partial Fulfilment of the Course Requirement
In Research 1 (Introduction to Research) Cdt. 2/c Presores, Rel Fernand 2/c Carpio, Mark Lester 2/c Olanda, Gary Louie 2/c Jumamil, Benzarre 2/c Maglangit, Marlon 2/c Tagupa, Jomark 2/c Reyes, Allen POI 2/c Edillo, Ronneil 2/c Claud, Leokim October 2013
Chapter 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING
Background of the Study It has been observed that all the cadets of the Corps of Scholar Cadets (CSC) of DMMA-CSP are still on the process of adjusting themselves to the new set of rules and regulations inside their dormitory due to changes in administration. The new CSC administration led by Mr. Roel Helicame, who has a master’s degree in management, is trying to improve the ability and skills of the cadets, not only in academics but also in technical matters concerning maritime studies. As experienced by the researchers being members of the corps, all the cadets of the organization are coping from the newly implemented laws.
The Norwegian Ship-owners Association (NSA), which is a huge organization, onsisted of different international major shipping companies’ entrusted full scholarship to Filipino students who deserve to become future ship officers someday. They chose DMMA-CSP to become its partner in materializing the plan. 3/0 Francisco A. Patuasic Jr. founded the organization whom he later named the Corps of Scholar Cadets (CSC) which started with 25 cadets year 2006 and already having hundreds in the present.
As experienced by the researchers before, the training inside the dormitory was semi-military training commonly practiced by our countrys very own, the Philippine Military Academy moulding competent and responsible adets that gave DMMA-CSP honour and pride. The training motivated the cadets to work hard and strive more despite of being apart from their family. As what Eleanor Roosevelt once said, mfou can gain strength, courage and confidence by every experience in which you really stop to look for fear in the face.
You must do the thing which you think you cannot do and as the PMMA graduates quoted in their article, “No one is fit to command that has not learned to obey. ” Later on, as the population of the cadets of the corps grew, the training was abused and it led to transition of trainings as well as changing of administration. This study aims to determine the difference in the training system between the past and new CSC Administration. Specifically, it seeks to answer the following questions: 1 .
What is the training system between the past and new CSC Administration in terms of:
1. 1 Physical Training.
1. 2 Mental Learning and Learning Development.
1. 3 Values Formation 1. 4 Discipline.
1. 5 Leadership.
2. Is there any significant difference between the training system between the past and new CSC Administration in terms of:
2. 1 Physical Training.
2. 2 Mental Training and Learning Development.
2. 3 Values Formation.
2. 4 Discipline.
Leadership Hypothesis HOI There is no significant difference between the training system of the past and the new CSC Administration in terms of: Physical Training Mental Training and Learning Development Values Formation Discipline Leadership H02 There is no significant difference between the opinions of CSC cadets when grouped into ranks. Theoretical Framework This study is anchored on Dewey’s (2003) Theory of discipline which states that the remedy for the evils attending the doctrine of formal discipline previously spoken of physicality of the cadets of CSC.
Values Formation – The formation of the entire ersonality, pertaining to attitudes and morals of the cadets of CSC. Review of Related Literature This part of the research bears various readings which are relevant to the study especially on the notions related to Physical Training, Mental Training, Values Formation, Discipline and Leadership. Physical Training Physical Training concentrates on mechanistic goals: this training develops specific skills or muscles, mainly focusing on raising over-all physical fitness.
In military use, physical training means gaining the physical ability to perform and survive in combat, and learning the many skills needed in a time of war. These includes the use of variety of weapons, outdoor survival skills and how to survive captured by the enemies. Physical training is how you train physically to get optimum performance improvements to reach your fitness training goals by exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit. Mental Training Gill (2000) defines the term mental training as an individually designed combination of methods selected to attain psychological skill needs.
There is no single idyllic mental training package, each program must be individualised based on the psychological state of the individual and, the sport. To assemble a successful mental training program, it is important to distinguish between mental training skills and mental training methods. Thelwell and Greenlees (2001) argue that when implementing a mental training program, it is improbable that a single method will be employed by a sports psychologist. Thelwell and Greenlees (2001) highlighted that it is more effective to empty a combination of mental skills that relate to a specific field.
Mental training is the interface between biomechanical (Hayes 1982), Physiological (Hasan, Enoka and Stuart 1985), and Peripheral (ZaJac 1993), and Central Nervous System (Behm and Sale 1993, Wolpaw 1994) operation to condition of movement are mediated by different facets of psychological involvement. Primarily, mental training has developed from the necessity of the person to learn more about their individual mental life to allow a degree of control in coordinating effective movement through various psychological states of performance (Martens 1987, Rushall 1992).
Mental skills training can be grouped into two basic categories; Cognitive and Visualization, Visio-motor behaviour rehearsal, and Cognitive behaviour therapy. Somatic includes Bio-feedback, Progressive Muscle Relaxation and Meditation. Although Cognitive and Somatic methods develop the psychological apparatus of the individual from different perspectives, there is much overlap because of the nature psycho – somatic function. It is difficult to define the term “Value”. This difficulty stems from the fact that there are several interpretations attached to the word.
Jocano (1993) describes the notion of value according to three distinct areas: 1) Objects, 2) Ideas, 3) Actions. Under the first classification, the term may be interpreted as price, cost, charge, mount, and worth. When it is attached to ideas, Value could mean dignity, importance, weight and consequence. And if it applied to actions, the term means extent, merit, significance and usefulness. Values Formation have been ostentatiously describes as a “Training to determine the qualitatively behaviour which has a normative obligatory character and pre- supposes the liberty of possible decision. Values Formation has been part of the landscape of education for over a century, and it has been described, shaped and implemented in a range of ways (Carr 1999 ; Frankel 1980). An examination of the values discourse suggests that there are a number of different kinds of value, such as moral, educational, aesthetic, social, political and religious, with Aristotle contending that the overarching value, is moral value (Aspin 2002). Values Formation can be defined as broad preferences concerning appropriate courses of action or outcome. As such, Values Formation reflects a person’s sense of right and wrong or what ought to be.
Gary Ryan Blair (2006) defined discipline as an act of cultivation. It requires you to connect todays action to tomorrow’s results. There’s a season for sowing and a eason for reaping. Self-discipline helps you know which is which. George Washington added the quote discipline is the soul of an army. It makes small numbers of formidable; procures success to the weak, and esteem to all. To discipline thus means to instruct a person or animal to follow a particular code of conduct, or to adhere to a certain “Order” or to adapt to a particular pattern of behaviour.
So for example, to discipline a child to wash its hands before meals is a particular pattern of behaviour, to discipline also gives rise to the word disciplinarian, which denotes a person who enforces order. An ideal disciplinarian is one who enforces order without coercion. Usually however, the phrases “to discipline” carry a negative connotation. This is because enforcement of order – that is, ensuring instructions are carried out – is often regulated through punishment. To be disciplined is then.
Subject to contract either a virtue (the ability to follow instructions well) or euphemism for punishment (which may also be referred to as disciplinary procedures) code of behaviour, using punishment to correct disobediences. Trainings or Conditions imposed for the improvement of physical powers, self-control, etc. William Homan (1969) pointed out that discipline is important simply because we live in an organized society where, if you have not learned life’s requirements at early age, you will be taught later, not by those whose love tempers the lesson but by the strangers who could not care less about the harm they do to your personality.
Leadership is the ability to evaluate and or forecast a long term plan or policy and influence the followers towards the achievement of the said strategy. Like the abominable snowman, Leadership leaves footprints everywhere but can never be seen. Charles Handy (1992) pointed out that a leader shapes and shares a vision which gives point to the work of others. Scott Adam, The Dilbert Principle (1996) quoted leadership as an intangible quality with no clear definition. That’s probably a good thing, because if the people who were being led knew the definition, they would hunt down their leaders and kill them.
The centre for strategic leadership studies simplified fourteen (14) Marine Corps Leadership traits with the acronyms “J. J DID TIE BUCKLE” with each letter corresponding a trait. The first “J” as Justice or the practice of being fair and consistent. Judgment as the ability to think about things clearly, calmly and in orderly fashion so that one can make good decisions. Dependability which means that one can be relied upon to perform duties properly. Initiative is taking action even though you haven’t been given orders. Decisiveness which means that you are able to make good decisions without delay.
Tact as an act of dealing with people with manners that will maintain good relations and avoid problems. Integrity which means that you are honest and truthful in what you say or do. Enthusiasm defined as a sincere interest and exuberance in the performance of your duties. Bearing is the way you conduct and carry yourself. Reflects alertness, confidence, competence and control. Unselfishness means that you can avoid making yourself comfortable at the expense of others. Courage is what allows you to remain calm while recognizing fear. Knowledge is the understanding of a science or art.
It also means that you have acquired information and that you can understand people. Loyalty means that you are devoted to your country, the corps and to your seniors, peers and subordinates and lastly Endurance which is the mental and physical stamina that is measured by our ability to withstand pain, fatigue, stress, and hardships.
This chapter contains the research design, research locale, sampling design, the respondents, research instruments and statistical treatment of data. Research Design The descriptive method of research will be used in this study.
Descriptive method of research is focused at the present condition, the purpose is to find the truth, the truth may have different forms such as an increased insight factors which were operating the discovery of a new cause and effect relationship, a more accurate ormulation of the problem to be solved, descriptive studies are large values providing facts on which scientific Judgment were based, they provide knowledge about the nature of objects and persons, and this study will be using a questionnaire as an instrument in gathering data and information.
Research Locale This study will be conducted in the Corps of Scholar Cadets Dormitory, DMMA College of Southern Philippines, Tigatto Road, Buhangin, Davao City. Sampling Design The researcher will use the randomized sampling design in the selection of the respondents. Respondents The respondents of the study will be the CSC cadets of the past administration and new CSC administration. Fifteen (15) CSC Cadets of the old administration and fifteen (15) CSC cadets of the new administration will be chosen randomly.
A total of thirty (30) CSC cadets will comprise the subjects of this study. Research Instrument The researcher will use a self-made questionnaire in collecting and gathering data. Statistical Treatment of Data The data of this study will be tallied, tabulated and will be subjected to the following statistical tools: Weighted Mean and Mean Difference. Weighted Mean – Is he mean answer according to the data that were calculated which indicates a descriptive equivalent.
Where: DE = Descriptive Equivalent F = (Frequency) as applied in research is response to correspondents on a given research problem. It is the unorganized information, which the researcher needs to Analysis for responses was measured as: Scale Descriptive Equivalent A rating scale of 1 to 5 was utilized to indicate provision of a particular item. 4. 5 – 5. 00 3. 5 ??” 4. 49 2. 5 – 3. 49 1. 5 – 2. 49 1. 0-1. 49 Point Scale 5 4 3 2 Strongly Agree Agree Fairly Agree Disagree Strongly Disagree