Delegation The United Kingdom was a founding member

Topic: BusinessAccounting
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Last updated: August 30, 2019

Delegationfrom Represented by UnitedKingdom Dubai International SchoolPositionPaper for the International Labor OrganizationThetopics to be tackled by the International Labor Organization are: I)”ProtectingLaborers Amidst the Transnational Expansion of Export ProcessingZones” II) “Promoting the Rights of Immigrant Workers”. TheInternational Labor Organization was founded in 1919 as an agency ofthe League of Nations with the goal of setting equal standards forlaborers and ensuring their rights are protected; however, after theleague dissolved, the ILO became the first specialized agency of theUnited Nations. The United Kingdom was a founding member of theLeague of Nations and its successor the UN; the UK was also one ofthe original members of the ILO, and it took part in writing the ILOConstitution.

Even today, the UK still upholds the principles of theILO by striving to ensure fair and equal treatment for all workersworldwide. Protecting Laborers Amidst the Transnational Expansion of Export Processing ZonesThediminution of human civilization is kindled when money and materialthings are prioritized over human lives. Unfortunately, that is thecase in many export processing zones (EPZs) around the world.

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Duringthe early 20thcentury, many countries endeavored to convert their economies fromimport to export-centered. An effective tool to do this was EPZs,which are areas, established mainly in developing nations, that aimto assist the country in entering the global supply chain byencouraging foreign investment via ameliorating incentives such astax breaks, looser customs regulations, and providing infrastructureaccording to the needs of investors; moreover, most developingcountries tend to offer cheap labor and possess prolific naturalresources which also attracts investors. However, developingcountries often lack the experience to deal with large scaleproduction and in turn do not have the right policies to regulateEPZs; thus, allowing employers to exploit laborers. For example, thestrict policies on labor unions in Bangladesh were reconsidered onlyafter the death of 1,134 during the atrocious Rana Plaza collapse. Also, the abundance of illegal activity in EPZs can ironically harmthe economy of a country instead of boosting it. Studies have foundthat in some developing countries females make up to 90% of laborersworking in EPZs, and that EPZs would naturally offer low wages andlack sufficient regulations that protect rights of workers.

2 Past ActionsTheUnited Kingdom holds a firm stance on the issue of protectinglaborers in export processing zones; it stands against theexploitation of laborers in EPZs and endeavors to make sure theirrights are preserved. According to Justine Greening, former secretaryof state for international development, the UK consistently makessure that labourers in developing countries, especially in EPZs, aretreated fairly and are in good working conditions. For instance, theDepartment for International Development (DFID) works alongside theWorld Bank and International Finance Corporation (IFC)

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