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Kingdom Dubai International School

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Paper for the International Labor Organization

topics to be tackled by the International Labor Organization are: I)
Laborers Amidst the Transnational Expansion of Export Processing
Zones” II) “Promoting the Rights of Immigrant Workers”. The
International Labor Organization was founded in 1919 as an agency of
the League of Nations with the goal of setting equal standards for
laborers and ensuring their rights are protected; however, after the
league dissolved, the ILO became the first specialized agency of the
United Nations. The United Kingdom was a founding member of the
League of Nations and its successor the UN; the UK was also one of
the original members of the ILO, and it took part in writing the ILO
Constitution. Even today, the UK still upholds the principles of the
ILO by striving to ensure fair and equal treatment for all workers

Laborers Amidst the Transnational Expansion of Export Processing

diminution of human civilization is kindled when money and material
things are prioritized over human lives. Unfortunately, that is the
case in many export processing zones (EPZs) around the world. During
the early 20th
century, many countries endeavored to convert their economies from
import to export-centered. An effective tool to do this was EPZs,
which are areas, established mainly in developing nations, that aim
to assist the country in entering the global supply chain by
encouraging foreign investment via ameliorating incentives such as
tax breaks, looser customs regulations, and providing infrastructure
according to the needs of investors; moreover, most developing
countries tend to offer cheap labor and possess prolific natural
resources which also attracts investors. However, developing
countries often lack the experience to deal with large scale
production and in turn do not have the right policies to regulate
EPZs; thus, allowing employers to exploit laborers. For example, the
strict policies on labor unions in Bangladesh were reconsidered only
after the death of 1,134 during the atrocious Rana Plaza collapse.
Also, the abundance of illegal activity in EPZs can ironically harm
the economy of a country instead of boosting it. Studies have found
that in some developing countries females make up to 90% of laborers
working in EPZs, and that EPZs would naturally offer low wages and
lack sufficient regulations that protect rights of workers.

2 Past Actions

United Kingdom holds a firm stance on the issue of protecting
laborers in export processing zones; it stands against the
exploitation of laborers in EPZs and endeavors to make sure their
rights are preserved. According to Justine Greening, former secretary
of state for international development, the UK consistently makes
sure that labourers in developing countries, especially in EPZs, are
treated fairly and are in good working conditions. For instance, the
Department for International Development (DFID) works alongside the
World Bank and International Finance Corporation (IFC)


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