depreciation?The lessening in the value of an item over time.
Depreciation can happen for many reasons, but the most important ones are thefact that using an item (especially machinery) causes it to accumulate damageand wear, which will need to be repaired eventually; and that items (especiallytechnologies) become obsolete and newer models tend to be better and moredesirable. Depreciation in the value of assets must be taken into account when calculating the value of a business. Some items appreciate, that is, they go up in value as time progresses. Examples includefine wines, property, classic cars, antiques and securities (although nothingis immune from depreciation in certain market conditions).
When calculatingdepreciation or appreciation, it is important that inflation is takeninto account.derivative?A financial instrument whose value depends on otherunderlying variables, which are usually stocks, bonds, commodities or currencies. Essentially, the derivative is a contract between two or moreparties. The most common and best known types of derivative are forward contracts, futures contracts, swaps and options, the underlying assets being stocks, bonds, commodities, currencies,interest rates and market indexes. Most derivatives are characterised by highleverage, but there are even derivatives based on weather data, such as theamount of rain or the number of sunny days in a particular region.
Derivativesare generally used as an instrument to hedge risk, but can also be used forspeculative purposes. For example, a European investor purchasing shares of anAmerican company off an American exchange (using US dollars) would be exposedto exchange rate risk while holding that stock. To hedge this risk, the investor couldpurchase currency futures to lock in a specified exchange rate for the futurestock sale and currency conversion back into euros.dervish?A Muslim who has chosen a path of poverty and asceticism.
DFM?Abbreviated form of the Dubai Financial Market.DFSA?Abbreviated form of the Dubai Financial Services Authority.DGCX?Abbreviated form of the Dubai Gold and Commodities Exchange. dhikr?Literally, remembrance. A Sufi chant for theremembrance of God.dhimmah, dhimma?A concept of debt or liability.dhimmi?A protected religious minority in Muslim dominatedjurisdictions.
It is most commonly understood as Jews and Christians, who are allowed to practise their faiths under Islamic Law, and are afforded the security and protection offered by citizenshipof their community.Dhul-Hijjah, Dhu al-Hijjah, ZuAl-Hijjah?The 12th month of the Islamic calendar.Dhul Qi-da, Dhul-Qadah? The 11th month of the Islamic calendar.dhur?The salah (prayer)performed just after the solar noon.