Developing that developing countries have in common. So, they

Topic: EconomicsConsumer Science
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Last updated: August 28, 2019

Developing country – a countryhaving a standard of living or level of industrial production is below thatpossible with financial or technical aid; a country that is not yet highlyindustrialized where people generally have low incomes. Examples are:Argentina, China, Malaysia. Developedcountry is a country with a highly developed economy, advanced industrialactivity and infrastructure, and a relatively low poverty rate. Developedcountries are characterized by comparatively high standards of living wheremany people have enough money to buy the things they need.

Examples are: theUSA, the South Korea, Canada etc.            There are several things should be explained more indetails that developing countries have in common. So, they are:-         low standards of living, low level of housing, incomesand education;-         high rates of population birth and dependency burdens(pretty often developing countries tend to have birth rates that are double onaverage the rates of the developed ones. With higher birth rates, there aremore children dependent on adults and it calls higher children dependency ratiowhich is not good, cause economically children are not productive part of thepopulation);-         substantial dependence on the agricultural productionand primary market exports (exports of raw materials, developing countriesoften are not manufacturing, which is secondary market);-         prevalence of imperfect market and limited informationthat can be connected to the lack of necessary factors for enable markets towork efficiently and lack in legal system or education that calls that lack ofinformation);-         dependence on international relations (developingcountries are dominated by developed nations because of their economic andpolitical power).Theseare the factors that characterize developing states and can be hindrances foreconomic development, unfortunately. And all of the developing countries haveseveral of these factors that should be changed and that exactly what is oftenwritten in their development programs.

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Now,let’s move on to the developed ones. The characteristics are next:-         their birth and death rates are stable. They do nothave excessively high birth rates because, thanks to quality medical care andhigh living standards, infant mortality rates are low. Families do not feel theneed to have high numbers of children with the expectation that some will notsurvive. No developed country has an infant mortality rate higher than 10 per1,000 live births. In terms of life expectancy, all developed countries boastnumbers greater than 70 years; many average 80.-         they have more women working, particularly inhigh-ranking executive positions.

These career-oriented women frequently chooseto have smaller families or eschew having children altogether.-         they use a disproportionate amount of the world’sresources, such as oil. In developed countries, more people drive cars, fly onairplanes, and power their homes with electricity and gas. Inhabitants ofdeveloping countries often do not have access to technologies that require theuse of these resources.

–         they have higher levels of debt. Nations withdeveloping economies cannot obtain the kind of seemingly bottomless financingthat more developed nations can.Andfrom that two lists we can see the real difference between developing anddeveloped states. Two different types of countries have different goals andpurposes that will affect development plans. So, I would like to go through myanalysis of the difference in these plans.Bylooking for some development programs of both types of the state the main thingthat I realized that developing ones are more focused in solving of their innerproblems than developed ones.

That seems to me very logical due to the factthat local systems should be improved because they are weak at the moment ( improvement, health care system improvement etc.). Developed nationsare involved into the global market, so there are more goals that is connected withthe increasing of the international indicators creating possibilities to becompetitive and powerful on the global arena. Secondly, developed countries’programs are directed to the improvement of Research & Development programsand ecological things.

By the increase in national development, such states aretrying to create more comfortable environmental conditions and they are moreinterested in scientific discoveries than developing ones. It is againconnected with the number of national problems that should be solved. And thethird thing, the most obvious by the way, is the amount of investments andclearance of the results. It is so evident that the budget of developed stateis higher than developing one’s and the first can allow to spend more money onthe implementation of the socioeconomic programs and also, there is aninformation what numbers should be reached by the end of the duration of theplan. If we will look at Germany’s plan and Uzbekistan’s we will see that pointin differences. In Germany’s program, there is the amount to be spent for thecertain goal that is described in numbers. But if we look at the program ofUzbekistan we’ll see that it is description of the spheres but without anyclearance and concretization with some numbers for data.

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