Type: Research Essays
Sample donated: Lionel Caldwell
Last updated: March 18, 2019
Development of an Intervention for Non-Suicidal Self-Injury in Young Adults an Open Pilot Trial by Margaret S.
Andover, et al. Studies the prevalence and dangerous of nonsuicidal self-injury in young adults. Non-suicidal self-injury can be referred to as hitting, cutting, burning, carving words, designs, or symbols into skin, scratching and skin-pitching, biting or self-hitting. When participating in these activities young adults have no intentions of hurting their selves, however this topic has brought so many attentions to itself because of the medial severity and physical disfiguration that it brings towards itself. It is expected to become more frequent and more repetitive. Becoming more severe, a greater increase in attempted suicide, or even death. Over time participants may ignore the severity of their behaviors and it may continue to become habitual and increase more and more, which could then allow suicide to continue becoming more attainable.
This study consisted of a sample size of 12 treatment seeking participants recruited through flyers and online advertisements which was posted on college campuses and community websites. Criteria used to maximize generalizability of study findings consisted of 18 to 29 year olds and those who were engaged in Non-Suicidal Self-Injuries within the past month or who had history of NSSI and has had the urge to engage within the past month. Majority of the sample included female and majority of the population was Caucasian (8), black (1), and biracial population was (2), other (1). Majority of the population also reported that they suffered from a major depressive disorder, and others reported other substance and anxiety disorders and abuses. Throughout the nine weekly interventions which consisted of individuals meeting and attending sessions which lasted one hour each. The different variables that were considered throughout this article were the difference in the sessions. Different techniques and such were addressed and they all influenced a change in participants’ journeys.
The difference skills that were taught and adapted by participants such as the skill of understanding and learning about psychoeducation and how their actions are influenced by it. Sessions 2-6 were used to use functional trainings and assessments to identify the triggers and reinforces that were used to identify NSSI.The analysis that was used during this research study was paired sample t-tests, which was done on all study outcome variables from pretreatment to posttreatment. The results showed that the hypothesis and the research conducted prior was not significant, and that there were no significant differences from pretreatment to posttreatment on both NSSI episodes, urges, and depression severity.
In accountability with real world stats, the generalizability of the study was seen to lacking in several different areas. All of the participants in the study were able to benefit and receive from the intervention, so that made no control group for the research. The sample was also too small, so accurate numbers were not represented. Within this research there also was only one therapist from the study and bias’s and other things could have hindered the study from actually flourishing.