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Last updated: May 2, 2019
Declarative Knowledge
Knowledge of facts, defintions, and stateable information.Example: Memorize capitals of states 
Conceptual Knowledge
Knowledge of and ability to create-Classifications-Categories/Schema Declarative–>Conceptual Example: Understanding a concept and being able to transer it, learning a language and then being able to write a sentance in that language 
Prodecural Knowledge
Knowledge of Prodedures (steps/processes) and how to do something -Often requires problem solvingDeclarative–>conceptual–>procedural -Algorithm Example: How to tie your shoes, long division 
Strategic Knowledge
General method for solving problems, learning, or remembering Example: Teach studying, notetaking, time management strategies 
Beliefs knowledge
Thoughts about learning characteristics, how learning works, or the nature of a subject area-Includes self efficacy beliefs 
Types of Knowledge (Learner)
1. Declarative2.Conceptual3.Procedural4.


Types of knowledge (Teacher/professional)
1.Content2. Pedagogical content3.General pedagogical4.Knowledge of learners and learning 
Content Knowledge
Knowledge of the domain -Cant teach what you dont know  Example: Chem major–>science teacher  
Pedagogical content knowledge
Knowledge of how to teach domain specific content Example: English teacher might not know about statistics but they know how to teach vowels in great ways  
Pedagogical Content knowledge (5 ways)

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Demonstrations2.Case studies3. metaphors4. Simulations5. Models 

General pedagogical knowledge 
Knowledge of instructionall/instructional principles and strategies -Cuts across all domains Examples: Knowing to call on all students in any subject area 
Knowledge of learners and learning
Knowledge of how learners recieve, interpret, contruct, manage, store, retrieve information -How learning varies across learners and the role of prior knowledge *this is the heart of educational psych 
Educational research (theory)
A framework that organizes information about a phenomen often relating to two variables Theory–>Hypothesis–>Data–>New Theory 
Types of research methods in Edpsy

Experimental2. Correlational3. Descriptive4.Action 

3 Types of experimental research
1. Laboratory: Artificial, controls all factors2.Randomized: Classroom3.

Single Case experiments: Student/Group/Unit…

.cant generalize 

Experimental Research
-Manipulation of variables-Researcher controlled-Control of other factors that might make a difference-RANDOM assignment Example: 20 Preschoolers with drawing where 10 are told they did good and ten were not 
Coorelational Research
Study of relationships between two or more variables and how they interact Postitive: as one goes up the other does tooExample: math and reading Negative: As one goes up the other goes downExample:Absent and good grades *NOT CAUSUAL 
Descriptive Research
Descriptive/qualitative; describes something of interest-Aquired from interviews, surveys, questionnares, and observations 
Action research
Teachers do research while they are teaching and data is used to inform practice Example:Tests at beginning and end of a unit 
Card study
Experimental (randomized) Strategy, declarative, conceptual and procedural 
Tetrahedral Model
1. model is used to plan effective instruction2.

Use the model to evaluate the effectiveness of a learning experience that has already occured3. ANY learning or instructional activity can be dissected using the model Characteristics of the learner–>Learner activities–> Nature of the criteria–>Nature of the materials 

Tetrahedral model: Characteristics of the learner
-Who learners are (Interests, gender, prior knowledge, language, skills)-What do the learners bring to the learning situation-Instruction must match characteristics 
Tetrahedral Model: Learner activities
-What activities will learners engage in during learning? (notetaking, discussions, building)-What are the procedures?-What is the learner doing?-Activities should be appropriate given learner characteristics 
Tetrahedral Model: Nature of the materials
-What materials are learners using to complete the activities?-Flashy is now always better-Should be commensurate with outer components of the model 
Tetrahedral Model: Nature of the criteria
– What is the method of evaluation?- how will we know learning has occured?-Each learning experience should have some means of measuring affectiveness-Variety is optional-Should match objectives, activities, methods, materials 

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