ELA – Figurative Language / Types of Poetry ; Terms

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Last updated: December 4, 2019

Figurative Language
Use of words, phrases, symbols, and ideas in such a way as to create mental images for the reader

Denotation
The dictionary definition of a word

Connotation
The emotions that are felt when you hear or see a word

Recognizing Figurative Language
Language that means more than what is says on the surface- it usually give us a feeling about its subject

Literal Language
Language that means exactly what it said

Imagery
Using sensory (five senses) words to create a mental picture

Alliteration
A repeating of the same sounds at the beginning of words

Symbol
an object or idea that represents a feeling or emotion

Hyperbole
Exaggerated statement

Simile
Comparing two things using the words like or as

Metaphor
comparing two things without using the words like or as

Onomatopoeia
words that sounds like what they mean

Personification
giving non-living things human characteristics

Idiom
When you say one thing, but mean something else

Stanza
A poem’s paragraph

Figurative Language Poem
Line 1 – AlliterationLine 2 – OnomatopoeiaLine 3 – SimileLine 4 – HyperboleLine 5 – IdiomLine 6 – PersonificationLine 7 – Metaphor

Verse
a grouped set of lines within a poem, looks like a paragraph and is similar to a stanza

Rhyme Scheme
shows the pattern in which the lines of a poem rhyme

Types of Poetry
– Ode- Acrostic- Haiku- Limerick- Found- Concrete- Free Verse- Clerihew- Diamante

Ode
a poem expressing a strong feeling about something / someone

Acrostic
type of poetry where the first, last or other letters in a line spell out a particular word or phrase

Haiku
Old form of Japanese poetry- Only has 3 lines and they do not rhyme-MUST have the right number of syllables in each line

Limerick
A short, funny poem that is five lines long- First, second and fifth lines rhyme- The third and fourth lines rhyme- AABBA

Found Poetry
A type of poetry created by taking words, phrases, and sometimes passages from other sources and recreating them as poetry by making changes in spacing and lines, or by adding or deleting text, thus creating a new meaning

Concrete
A poem that takes shape of the item it is describing and must contain at least 6 different describing words

Free Verse
A poem that does not follow a fixed pattern or rhyme scheme while still providing artistic expressionThese poems are just how they sound, free from any typw of structure

Clerihew
One stanza of four lines that follows an AABB rhyming patternUsually silly poems about you, your friends, or a famous person

Diamante
In the shape of a diamond, it does not rhyme and does not use complete sentencesIt can be about one or two topics

Narrative
Tells a story in verseIt is like a short story in that it has a plot and characters

Lyric
Expresses a single speakers thoughts and feelings. Often has highly musical verses.

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