Elements of Literature – 7th grade

Topics: EnvironmentNature

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Last updated: May 2, 2019

Characters
People, animals, or other creatures that play a roll in the story

Antagonist
the conflict

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Protagonist
The main Character

Characterization
The process by which the author reveals the personality of a charactor

Narrator
voice telling the story

Point of view
is the perspective from which a literary work is told

First-person point of view
that is the narrator of him, the narrator tells the story from the “I” point of view

third-person point of view
narrator is an all knowing observer or knows everything in the story and reveals the thoughts of all the characters

Third- person limited
narrator relates some thoughts & feelings; sees the world through only one characters eyes and thoughts.

Mood
overall feeling of the literary work

Tone
the writer’s or speaker’s attitude toward the subject or character

Setting
the time and place where the story occurs

Theme
The message that is being communicated

Conflict
the problem

External conflict
a problem or struggle between a character and someone or an outside source

Internal conflict
a problem or struggle within a character

Person vs.

person

The character struggles against the will or actions of another character.

person vs nature
a struggle between a character, and a force of nature

person vs society
The character struggles against a group or society.

person vs.

him/herself

A character struggles inside his/her mind and has trouble deciding what to do.

Plot
the way the story develops

rising action
Introduces the story’s main conflict

Climax
most exciting part

Falling action
everything that happens after the climax

Resolution/denouement
The solution of the major conflict in the plot. – end of the story

exposition
Beginning of the story – The introductory material which gives the setting, creates the tone, presents the characters, and presents other facts necessary to understanding the story.

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