Elements of Literature Definitions

Topics: ArtSymbolism

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Last updated: May 2, 2019

Antagonist
Force against protagonist

Characterization
The way the author portrays the character using appearance, feelings, actions, and speech of the character

Climax
Part of the plot that the entire story builds up to.

Exposition
Part of the plot diagram where we meet characters and find out the setting (introduction)

External conflict
Conflict between one or more opposing forces outside the self

Falling action
part of the plot diagram. The events after the climax where things start to wind down.

Foreshadowing
hints to future events

Generating Circumstance
Trigger Point of Plot Diagram where the rising action (conflict) begins

Internal Conflict
Opposing forces within the self (Self v. Self)

Plot
The story line or the series of main events

Protagonist
The main character involved in the conflict

Resolution
Plot Diagram that ties up the end; the ending

Rising Action
Plot diagram: Events (conflicts) leading up to the climax

Setting
Time and place.

Symbolism
When a person, place, or thing represents something beyond itself

Theme
The message or insight into life presented by the author

Point of View
Perspective from which the story is told.

1st person point of view
Character tells the story. Uses pronouns: I, me, we

3rd person limited
Narrator is outside the story. Only sees into one person’s thoughts.

Uses pronouns he, she, they

3rd person omniscient
Narrator is outside the story. Sees into several characters thoughts.

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