Elements of Poetry and Types of Formal Poetry

Topics: EnvironmentNature

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Last updated: December 8, 2019

Lyric
A short poem that expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker

Meter
Rhythmic patterns built on the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables

Feet
The stressed and unstressed syllables are divided into units

Iamb
A unstressed syllable filled by stressed syllable

Trochee
A stressed syllable filled by and unstressed syllable

Spondee
2 stressed syllables in a row

Dactyl
A stressed syllable filled by two unstressed syllables

Anapest
2 unstressed syllables followed by one stressed syllable

Slant Rhyme
Words that end in similar but not exact sounds,half rhyme

End Rhyme
Rhyming words that fall at the end of 2 or more lines

Internal Rhyme
Rhyming words placed within a line

Denotation
Literal definition, straight forward

Connotation
Emotional associations implied definition, definition goes deeper

Formal Verse
Followed by established patterns fixed verse that takes many forms

Stanza
Grouping of lines

Ballad
A song like narrative poem 4-6 lines features repetition and strong meter

Haiku
An unrhymed 3 line lyric poem focuses on nature written on objective experience , not subjective ones

English Sonnet
14 line lyric poem consisting of 3 quatrains and couplet usually rhymed abab, cdcd, efef, gg

Ode
A lyric poem on a serious subject usually written in a precise syructure

Concrete Poem
A poem with a shape that suggests it’s subject, the poet arranges letters,words,punctuation and lines to create a picture

Archtype
Is an element that recurs throughout the literature of different cultures, characters, plots, symbols

Archetype Theme
Develop or explore fundamental or universal ideas, ill-fated love is an example

Dramatic Irony
Is a contradiction between what a character thinks and what the audience knows to be true

Pun
A pun in a play on words involving a word with two or more meaning

Paraphrase
Rewording something

Summarize
Briefly stating the main ideas in a piece of writing

Present Participle
End in -ing

Participle Phrase
Is a group of words that functions as an adjective

Gerund
Is a verb form that in time acts as a noun

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