Elements of Poetry (Structure)

Topics: DesignConstruction

Type:

Sample donated:

Last updated: November 30, 2019

stanza
a group of consecutive lines in a poem that form a single unit, often refereed to as a “paragraph of poetry”

couplet
2 line stanza

triplet
3 line stanza

quatrain
4 line stanza

quintet
5 line stanza

sestet
6 line stanza

septet
7 line stanza

octave
8 line stanza

rhyme
the similarity or likeness of sound in two or more words

perfect rhyme
the repetition of accented vowel sound and all succeeding sounds in important words

imperfect rhyme
occurs when there are changes within the vowel sounds of words intended to rhyme and only the final consonant sound of the words are identical

eye rhyme
rhyme that appears correct from spelling but does not rhyme because of pronunciation

internal rhyme
rhyme between words that occurs within a single line of poetry

rhyme scheme
the pattern of end rhyme throughout a poem

rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in words in a line of poetry

meter
a regularized pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry; the intentional arrangement of language in which the accented syllables occur at equal intervals of time

scansion
the process of marking lines of poetry to determine the meter; that is, marking the accented and unaccented syllables, dividing the lines into feet, identifying the most common type of foot, and noting significant variations from the pattern

foot
the basic unit of meter used n the scansion or measurement of verse, either consisting of 2 or 3 syllables

iambic foot
u/ (most common in the English language)

trochaic foot
/u

spondaic foot
//

Pyrrhic foot
uu

anapestic foot
uu/

dactylic foot
/uu

monometer
one foot per line

dimeter
two feet per line

trimeter
three feet per line

tetrameter
four feet per line

pentameter
five feet per line

hexameter
six feet per line

heptameter
seven feet per line

octameter
eight feet per line

verse forms
there are three main types of verse (poetic) form

rhymed verse
has regular meter and a rhyme scheme

blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter

free verse
no regular metrical rhythm or end rhyme

metrical verse
has regular meter but no rhyme scheme

enjambment
the continuation of the sense and grammatical construction of a line on to the next line or stanza (no end punctuation)

end-stopped lines
lines in which both the grammatical structure and the sense reach completion at the end

causura
a pause within the line of a verse

Choose your subject

x

Hi!
I'm Jessica!

Don't know how to start your paper? Worry no more! Get professional writing assistance from me.

Click here