Elements of Poetry Style

Poetry Style
Figures of speech, grammar, sentences/phrases, rhythm.

Poetry Structure
Stanzas, lines, margins, lengths.

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Poetry Content
Topics can be anything.

Three misconceptions about poetry:
-It must rhyme-It’s always beautiful-It always conveys a theme.

Narrative Poems:
A long story told in verse form.Ex.

an epic

Lyrical Poems:
Brief, personal poems that that use sound devices as well as rhythm and meter, and is filled with emotion; sonnets, odes, and elegies are types of lyrics.

Ballad Poems:
A type of poem that is actually meant to be sung and is both lyric and narrative in nature.

Two dissimilar things that are compared using words such as “like,” “than,” “as,” or “resembles.

Makes a comparison between two unlike things.

Direct Metaphor
The literal term and the figurative term are both named.

Implied Metaphor
the literal term is named and the figurative term is implied.

Extended Metaphor
a metaphor- direct or implied- that is developed over more than one line of poetry.

giving human or animate qualities to an animal, an object, or a concept.

Addressing someone absent or dead or something nonhuman as if it were alive and present and could reply.

Literary Allusion
A reference to a person, place, or thing from previous literature.

Three most common sources for literary allusions:
-The Bible-Greek and Roman mythology-Shakespeare’s works

Using exaggeration for emphasis; overstatement.

A special form of understatement, it affirms something by negating the opposite.

States one thing when in fact the opposite thing is intended.

A strong contrast of words, clauses, sentences, or ideas that shows opposing ideas through opposing grammatical structures.

Using a part of something to represent the whole thing.

A substitution of one word for another closely associated word.

A statement that although seemingly contradictory or absurd may actually be well-founded or true. (Similar to an oxymoron)

Something (object, person, situation, or action) that means more than what it is.

The repetition at close intervals of the initial consonant sounds of certain words.

The repetition of close intervals of middle or end consonant sounds of certain words.

The similarity and repetition of vowel sounds of certain words at close intervals.

The use of words that mimic their meaning in their sound.

Ex: Boom, buzz, pop, click.

Repeating a word or a phrase within a poem in order to…

1. Make it easier to remember2. Emphasize an important idea3. Give the poem structural unity.

The repetition of the structure of a two or more lines in a poem

The list of words, images, or attributes.

The repetition of a word or phrase or line(s) at definite intervals in a poem.

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