Elements of Poetry Test

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Last updated: December 13, 2019

alliteration
The repetition of the same consonant sound at the beginnings of several words of a line of poetry or a sentence.

allusion
a reference to something with which the reader is likely to be familiar, such as a person, place, or event from history or literature

hyberbole
great exxageration

figurative language
Made up of all the tools that a poet uses to create a special effect or feeling. It includes metaphor, simile, personification, and onomatopoeia.

free verse
Poetry written without a regular rhyme scheme, meter, or form.

idiom
A common phrase made up of words that can’t be understood by their literal, or ordinary, meanings.

imagery
Language that appeals to the five senses- touch, taste, smell, hearing, and sight.

lyric poem
short poem that directly expresses the poet’s thoughts and emotions in a musical way

metaphor
direct comparison between two unlike things; does not use like or as

mood
feelings created in the reader by a poem or story

narrative poem
A poem that tells a story. Narrative poems usually have all of the elements you would find in a short story: character, setting, conflict, and plot.

onomatopoeia
The use of words that sound like the noises they describe.

personification
A type of figurative language in which poets give an animal, object, or idea human qualities, such as the ability to hear, feel, talk, and make decisions.

repetition
Means “to repeat” something. It is the use of any element of language-a sound, word, phrase, or sentence-more than once.

rhyme
repetition of similar sounds

rhyme scheme
A repeated regular pattern of rhymes usually found at the ends of lines in a poem.

rhythm
The musical quality created by a pattern of beats or a series of stressed and unstressed syllables.

simile
A comparison between two unlike things using the words like or as.

stanza
A group of lines in a poem set off by blank lines. It usually develops one idea.

symbol
Something that stands for something else.

tone
the attitude the writer takes toward the audience, subject, or character

end rhyme
repetition of similar sounds that come at the ends of lines of poetry

internal rhyme
rhyme that occurs within a line when two words have similar sounds

voice
the speaker’s perspective, from which the poem is written

speaker
the narrator of a poem

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