Elements of story telling study guide

Topic: EntertainmentGames
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Last updated: April 25, 2019
elements of storytelling
includes fiction, narrative fiction, narrative poerty, and drama

plot
the sequence of events in a story

conflict
the internal or external struggle between opposing forces

two types of conflict
external and internal

external conflict
man against man or man against nature

internal conflict
man against himself

stages of plot
exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution

exposition
the introduction of a story

rising action
the act in which suspense builds because complications arise that make the conflict more difficult for the main characters to resolve

climax
the turning point of the action in a story

falling action
any action or event that occurs after the climax

resolution
the event in which the conflict is often solved in a story

forshadowing
a clue or hint to what will happen in the story

characterization
the process or way an author develops his characters

characters
the people, animals, or imaginary creatures that take part in the action

two types of characterization
direct and indirect

direct characterization
occurs when the writer directly states what kind of person the character is. Ex: sneaky, honest, evil, innocent, and so on.

indirect characterization
occurs when the narrator provides hints about the character’s personality

the three basic methods of characterization
physical description; character’s speech, thoughts, feelings, and actions; other character’s speech, thoughts, feelings, and actions.

setting
the particular time and place in which the events occur

theme
the main idea of the story

mood
the feeling, or atmosphere, that a writer creates for the reader

tone
the writer’s attitude toward a subject

inference
the conclusion that a reader draws

types of mood and tone
anxious; humorus; pessimistic; suspenseful; depressed; lighthearted; hysterical; gloomy; tense; tragic; fearful; mocking; sad; remorseful; happy; optimistic

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