What was the English Renaissance famous for?
literature and music (not so much art)
When did Elizabeth I rule?
What are the 3 major types of literature?
lyric, narrative, and dramatic
What is lyric poetry?
“poetry which records the emotions and personal meditations of a speaker”; emotional/thoughts not narrative; often sonnets
What was the most popular form of lyric poetry during the 1590s?
What is a sonnet?
“a 14-line poem dealing with a single subject, most often, love”
Who was Sir Philip Sidney?
1554-1586; most influential of all English sonnet writers; the ideal courtier; great writer, Protestant, soldier
What was Sidney’s sonnet sequence titled?
Astrophil and Stella (1591)
What was Michael Drayton’s sonnet sequence called?
Idea (1590s, 1619)
When was Shakespeare’s Sonnets published, and how many were included?
in 1609, 154 included
What did Shakespeare write sonnets about?
love, friendship, aging, lying, lust, etc.
What is narrative literature?
“literature that tells a story”
What is the most famous example from 16th century England of narrative literature?
The Faerie Queene by Edmund Spenser
What is The Faerie Queene?
by Edmund Spenser; fragmentary, allegorical, romantic epic; only 6.5 of 13 books written
How is The Faerie Queene romantic?
tale of a kinight on a quest
How is The Faerie Queen allegorical?
Red Cross Knight represents Holiness or maybe a Christian seeking Holiness
What is the Spenserian stanza?
9-line stanza; 8 lines of iambic pentameter (10 syllables) and then 9th line is iambic hexameter (12 syllables)