ELT 6th Grade Elements of Poetry

Topics: Free samples

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Last updated: November 28, 2019

figurative language
Writing or speech not meant to be taken literally. Poets use figures of speech to state ideas in new ways.
metaphor
Describes one thing as if it were something else. Example: The house was a zoo! Using the verb to be.

personification
Giving human qualities to something that is not human.
personification

similes
Using like or as to compare two unlike things.

Example: He stormed into the meeting like a tornado.

alliteration
The repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words, as in slippery slope
alliteration

repetition
The use of any element in language, a sound, word, phrase, or sentence, more than once
assonance
The repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in stressed syllables, as in blaze and maze

consonance
The repetition of similar consonant sounds at the ends of accented syllables, as in wind and sand

onomatopoeia
The use of words that imitate sounds. Examples:crash, bang, and hiss
onomatopoeia

free verse
a poem that does not a strict structure, no regualr meter, rhyme, or fixed length

concrete poem
a poem shaped to look like its subject
concrete poem

idiom
A common, often used expression that doesn’t make sense if you take it literally.
idiom

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