Emily Dickinson/Poetry

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Last updated: November 29, 2019

experimental documentary
contains certain elements that are not typical of a traditional documentary, it experiments with both form and content through the use of the following elements:1.

a first-person narrator2. nonchronological order3. lines from letters and poems4. stylistic elements such as text on screen, black screens, and solo music

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syllable
a unit of pronunciation containing at least one vowel sound, can be stressed or unstressed depending on whether or not the syllable is emphasized

beat
a stressed syllable

foot
a unit of rhythmic pattern measured in syllables that contains at least one stressed beat

iambic
U/example: a-BOUT

trochaic
/Uexample: YA-ggi

anapestic
UU/example: hal-lo-WEEN

dactylic
UU/example: EV-ery-one

meter
the number of feet in a line of poetry

monometer
one

dimeter
two

trimeter
three

tetrameter
four

pentameter
five

hexameter
six

heptameter
seven

octameter
eight

nonameter
nine

decameter
ten

similie
a comparison of two essentially unlike things using like, as, or than

metaphor
a comparison of two essentially unlike things without using like, as, or than

hyperbole
an exaggeration for special effect

understatement
purposely says less than occasion warrants

conceit
an extended metaphor throughout whole poem

personification
giving human traits to something nonhuman

apostrophe
when the absent are addressed as if present, “Oh death, where is thy..

.”

paradox
a contradictory statement that can make a point, “War is kind.”

pun
a play on words

symbol
something concrete that represents an abstract idea

irony
difference between what is expected to happen and what actually happens; contrast between appearance and actuality

alliteration
the repetition of the first letter of words in a series (beginning)

onomatopoeia
words that sound like their meaning

assonance
repetition of vowel sounds (anywhere in words)

consonance
repetition of consonance sounds (anywhere in words)

canto
subdivision of a longer poem

enjambment
a running on of a thought from one line to the next

haiku
Japanese poem of three lines

lyric poem
a short poem expressing thoughts of a single speaker

prose poetry
poetry written in prose form using poetic devices

poetry
rhythmic, compressed language using figures of speech to appeal to emotions

hymn
lyric poem or song addressed to a divine being

juxtaposition
placing two objects, entities, feelings or concepts side-by-side

mood
general atmosphere an author’s words create; emotion felt while reading

tone
the attitude an author takes towards a subject; emotion felt while writing

inverted syntax
flipped word order; reversing typical word order

anaphora
repetition of word/s at the beginning of successive lines of poetry

slant rhyme
an “almost”/forced rhyme such as eyes and light, soul and dull

perfect rhyme
box and fox, fight and bite

What is a “flawed” way to find rhythm?
1. Count the syllables per line: a.

if the number is divisible by two, then the rhythm is either iambic or trochaic b. if the number is divisible by three, then the rhythm is either anapestic or dactylic2. Say the line in normal speak with your hand under your chin. Where does your chin go down? Chances are those are stressed syllables.3. Find a two-syllable word and mark its stressed and unstressed syllables as you’d normally say it. Identify the emerging pattern for the entire line based on those isolated words you’ve marked4.

Say the word/line of poetry using possible emerging rhythm from step one: a. if what I hear sounds like a robot, then it’s the incorrect rhythm; try the other b. if what I hear sounds close to typical English speech, then it’s the correct rhythm

rhythm
the pattern of syllables in a foot of poetry

What is a “flawed” way of finding meter?
divide the number of total syllables in the entire line of poetry by the number of syllables in the foot determined, then apply the qoutient (answer) to the numbers 1-10example: if a line of poetry had twelve syllables and the rhythm is dactylic, the meter is tetrameter. (12/3=4) the rhythm and meter are dactylic tetrameter.

TPCASTT
Title: Is it an interactive or a naming title? If it’s interactive then it can affect the meaning of the poem.

Naming titles give less crucial information.Paraphrase/summary: Paraphrase- line by line, closely matches the length of the poem Summary- chunk by chunk, shorter than the original lengthConnotation: Emotions associated with words/phrases, goes beyond literal meaningsAttitude: Identify the subject and then how the speaker feels about itShifts/change: Find changes in subject, mood, attitude, motif, tone, text shape/size, any other relevant changesTitle Rexamine the title again but on an interpretative levelTheme Identify the subject/topic, then determine the message or lesson the author is trying to convey

How many poems did Dickinson write?
About 1775

How many of Dickinson’s poems were published in her lifetime?
11

Who published Dickinson’s poems after her death?
Her younger sister, Vinnie.

Where did Dickinson grow up?
Massachusetts

What course greatly influenced Dickinson’s writing?
Science

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