a unit of pronunciation containing at least one vowel sound, can be stressed or unstressed depending on whether or not the syllable is emphasized
a stressed syllable
a unit of rhythmic pattern measured in syllables that contains at least one stressed beat
the number of feet in a line of poetry
a comparison of two essentially unlike things using like, as, or than
a comparison of two essentially unlike things without using like, as, or than
an exaggeration for special effect
purposely says less than occasion warrants
an extended metaphor throughout whole poem
giving human traits to something nonhuman
when the absent are addressed as if present, “Oh death, where is thy..
a contradictory statement that can make a point, “War is kind.”
a play on words
something concrete that represents an abstract idea
difference between what is expected to happen and what actually happens; contrast between appearance and actuality
the repetition of the first letter of words in a series (beginning)
words that sound like their meaning
repetition of vowel sounds (anywhere in words)
repetition of consonance sounds (anywhere in words)
subdivision of a longer poem
a running on of a thought from one line to the next
Japanese poem of three lines
a short poem expressing thoughts of a single speaker
poetry written in prose form using poetic devices
rhythmic, compressed language using figures of speech to appeal to emotions
lyric poem or song addressed to a divine being
placing two objects, entities, feelings or concepts side-by-side
general atmosphere an author’s words create; emotion felt while reading
the attitude an author takes towards a subject; emotion felt while writing
flipped word order; reversing typical word order
repetition of word/s at the beginning of successive lines of poetry
an “almost”/forced rhyme such as eyes and light, soul and dull
box and fox, fight and bite
What is a “flawed” way to find rhythm?
1. Count the syllables per line: a.
if the number is divisible by two, then the rhythm is either iambic or trochaic b. if the number is divisible by three, then the rhythm is either anapestic or dactylic2. Say the line in normal speak with your hand under your chin. Where does your chin go down? Chances are those are stressed syllables.3. Find a two-syllable word and mark its stressed and unstressed syllables as you’d normally say it. Identify the emerging pattern for the entire line based on those isolated words you’ve marked4.
Say the word/line of poetry using possible emerging rhythm from step one: a. if what I hear sounds like a robot, then it’s the incorrect rhythm; try the other b. if what I hear sounds close to typical English speech, then it’s the correct rhythm
the pattern of syllables in a foot of poetry
What is a “flawed” way of finding meter?
divide the number of total syllables in the entire line of poetry by the number of syllables in the foot determined, then apply the qoutient (answer) to the numbers 1-10example: if a line of poetry had twelve syllables and the rhythm is dactylic, the meter is tetrameter. (12/3=4) the rhythm and meter are dactylic tetrameter.
Title: Is it an interactive or a naming title? If it’s interactive then it can affect the meaning of the poem.
Naming titles give less crucial information.Paraphrase/summary: Paraphrase- line by line, closely matches the length of the poem Summary- chunk by chunk, shorter than the original lengthConnotation: Emotions associated with words/phrases, goes beyond literal meaningsAttitude: Identify the subject and then how the speaker feels about itShifts/change: Find changes in subject, mood, attitude, motif, tone, text shape/size, any other relevant changesTitle Rexamine the title again but on an interpretative levelTheme Identify the subject/topic, then determine the message or lesson the author is trying to convey
How many poems did Dickinson write?
How many of Dickinson’s poems were published in her lifetime?
Who published Dickinson’s poems after her death?
Her younger sister, Vinnie.
Where did Dickinson grow up?
What course greatly influenced Dickinson’s writing?