The repetition of initial consonant sounds or of the same consonant.
unit of measurement with three syllables: first two unstressed, and the last one stressed.
Address to an absent figure or thing as if it were present or could listen.
Repetition in words of proximity of identical vowel sounds preceded and followed by different consonant sounds.
Unrhymed iambic pentameter.
Repetition of similar sounds, especially consonants, in close proximity.
Unit of measurement with three syllables: the first stressed, the other two unstressed.
Most simply, word choice. In poetry the use of a whole range of language including figurative language: metaphor, etc.
Speech (usually in a poem) spoken entirely by one character to an implied audience. The speech reveals not only a situation but, sometimes unwittingly, the personality or character flaws of the speaker.
A poem that meditates on death or, less commonly, on loss that comes with time, characterized by solemn tone and formal style
Also known as the Shakespearean sonnet, poem of 14 lines with abab cdcd efef gg rhyme scheme.
The basic unit of measurement in a line of poetry.
Unrhymed lines of varying length with no fixed metrics.
Japanese form with three lines of five, seven, and five syllables.
Figurative language using deliberate overstatement for effect.
Unit of measurement with two syllables: first unstressed, then stressed.
Also known as Petrarchan sonnet, poem of 14 lines with abbaabba cdecde rhyme scheme.
A brief, subjective poem marked by imagery, melody, and emotion, and creating a single, unified impression (Harmon).
The imaginative comparison of two unlike things, usually so that the qualities of the thing being compared can be made more vivid or meaningful.
The key to —- is in the implicit identification of the two terms (eyes are pools),saying what otherwise cannot be said. Simile is a — introduced by the terms “like” or “as,” different only in intensity of comparison.
In English poetry, the pattern of stressed sounds.
Figurative language in which a world or phrase stands not for itself but for something closely related to it.
Complicated, dignified lyric poem exalting someone or something (a season, an urn). Best exemplified in pre-20th century English poetry derived from classical forms: Pindaric, Horatian, Irregular.
Use of words that imitate sounds.
An apparent deep or absurd contradiction, used at times to suggest emotional or spiritual truth. Local form is oxymoron, in which two contradictory words are combined: “Jumbo shrimp”
A type of metaphor in which something nonhuman is given human traits.
The study of the art of versification, including its diction, sound effects, and patterns.
Unit of measurement with two syllables: both unstressed.
Repetition of the identical or similar stressed sound(s). Eye—– denotes sounds that are not identical but look as though they should be (come-home). Half——/slant —— is repetition in accented syllables of the final consonant sound but without identity in the preceding vowel sound (mirth-forth).
Stresses at regular intervals.
run on line
Also known as enjambment, a line that carries its sense carried over into the the next line without a syntactical pause.
Ridicule of human foibles, pride, or evil in order to correct (this motive of reaffirming correct social standards of behavior is not always present but was part of ancient —).
Poem of six six-line stanzas in which the words at the end of the first six lines are repeated in a specific, shifting order throughout.
unit of measurement with two syllables: both stressed
Presenting ideas, characters or places in such a manner that they appeal to more than one sense, like hearing, seeing, smell etc. at a given time.
Figure of speech in which the part signifies the whole or the whole signifies the part (he’s a good “hand” meaning the work habits of the person.
In literature, the attitude of the speaker or narrator toward subject or audience
Unit of measurement with two syllables: first stressed then unstressed.
Commonly occurring literary or rhetorical devices used for artistic effect.
literally, a twist or turn. General term used to describe the effect of many figures of speech like metaphors, which turn the meaning of a word.
Poem in five tercets (aba) and a final quatrain (abaa) featuring the repetition of lines one and three at designated points in each stanza.