the groups that lines in a poem are organized into
contains 10 syllables, or five iambic feet
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when a thought is carried over from one line to the next
When is a line enjambed?
when a line breaks before completing a grammatical unit
poems that do not follow regular metrical patterns
the repetition of vowel and consonant sounds at the end of words
rhymes at the end of lines
rhymes that appear within lines
stressed vowel sounds are identical, sometimes can be heavy or predictable. Example: “cool” and “fool”
uses word with similar, but not exact, end sounds.
Example: “gill” and “shell”
a pattern of end rhymes in a poem – use letters to identify
a pair of rhyming lines, usually of the same meter and length
the repetition of initial consonant sounds
the repetition of vowel sounds within stressed syllables that have different consonant sounds
the repetition of final consonant sounds within stressed syllables that have different vowel sounds
an actual or invented word that imitates the sound of what it names or describes
serves the same function as the narrator. however, even when the speaker uses the first person pronoun “I”,the speaker is not the poet but rather an imaginary voice created by the poet.
attitude projected toward the subject and the audience
features standard English and formal grammar
may feature slang expressions
a word’s definition
the emotional associations a word evokes
appeal to sight, sound, hearing, taste, touch, which creates imagery in the mind of the reader and evoke emotional associations
not meant to be taken literally
make direct comparisons using like or as
make direct comparisons by stating one thing is another
gives human qualities to nonhuman things
an extreme exaggeration
follows established patterns
tells a story and has a plot, characters, and a setting
a long narrative poem about gods or heroes
a shorter poem that describes a single event and may be set to music
tells a story using a character’s own thoughts or spoken statements – this a component of many classical plays
expressed the feelings of a single speaker using melodic language, imagery, rhythm, and sound devices to express emotions.
Common forms include the ode, elegy, sonnet, haiku, and tanka.
poems of praise that often exhibit complex metrical patterns, specific rhyme schemes, and stanzas of ten or more lines each
poems of loss that express both praise for the dead and an element of consolation
14 line poems in which each line consists of 5 feet (iambic pentameter)
a form of Japanese poetry that consists of 3 unrhymed line of 5, 7, and 5 syllables
a form of Japanese poetry that consists of 5 unrhymed lines of 5, 7, 5, 7, and 7 syllables