English 10 – Poetry Terms

Topics: Linguistics

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Last updated: November 27, 2019

Alliteration
The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words

Assonance
The repetition of similar vowel sounds in a line of poetry or prose

Consonance
The repetition of consonant sounds

Connotation
The emotional associations called up by a word that goes beyond its dictionary meaning

Denotation
The dictionary meaning of a word

Free verse
Poetry without a regular pattern of meter or rhyme

Figurative language
A form of language use in which writers and speakers convey something other than the literal meaning of their words

Metaphor
A comparison between essentially unlike things without an explicitly comparative word such as “like” or “as”

Personification
The endowment of inanimate objects or abstract concepts with living/human qualities

Imagery
Descriptions that appeal to any one of or combination of the five senses

Rhyme
The repetition of sounds in words usually, but not exclusively, at the end lines of poetry

Simile
A figure of speech involving a comparison between unlike things using “like,” “as,” or “as though”

Symbol
An object or action in a literary work that means more than itself, that stands for something beyond itself, usually for something abstract

Rhythm
The beat of words which gives poetry a musical quality

Lyric poem
A type of poem characterized by brevity, compression, and the expression of feeling

Onomatopoeia
The use of words to imitate the sounds they describe

Tone
The attitude of the writer or speaker toward the subject or audience

Allusion
A brief reference to a historical or literary figure, event, or object

Blank verse
Unrhymed verse having a regular meter

Couplet
Two lines of verse that rhyme and have the same meter

Diction
Choice and use of words in speech or writing

End rhyme
Rhyme occurring at the ends of verse lines

Enjambment
The continuation of a syntactic unit from one line or couplet of a poem to the next with no pause

Meter
The rhythm established by a poem

Repetition
A word, phrase, or sound that is used more than once for emphasis

Rhyme scheme
The pattern of rhyme between lines of a poem or song

Sonnet
A lyric poem with 14 lines of equal length

Stanza
A fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem

Theme
The topic of a poem

Verse
A single metrical line in a poetic composition

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