English 102 Poetry Terms

Topics: LiteraturePoetry

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Last updated: December 11, 2019

occasion
the context of the poem

theme
underlined or central idea

speaker
the narrator of the poem

verse
poetry with meter; a line of poetry

meter
regualized rhythm

poetic foot
one basic unit of meter

rhyme schme
a regular arrangement of rhymes based on the last word of each line

closed (fixed) form
poetry that follows a formula

open form/ free verse
poetry that does not have meter and may or may not ryme

scansion
the act of determining meter and rhyme

tone
attitude of the speaker toward the subject at hand

villanelle
19 line poem with an interlocking rhyme scheme (fixed or very controlled)

dramatic monologue
poem in which a speaker addresses a silent listener at some critical moment and reveals more about himself than intended

imagery
concrete language that appeals to the senses

figurative language
language meant to hiten expressiveness but not meant to be taken literally

simile
a comparison using like or as

metaphor
a comparison that don’t use like or as

personification
giving human like characteristics to somethings non human

symbol
anything that has a subject meaning in addition to what it means

connotation
the association of a word

denotation
the literal meaning of a word

sonnet
14 line lyric poem

lyric
short poem in which the speaker express strong or intense personal emotion

irony
some sort of descrepansy that depends on 2 contrasting levels of meanings

onomatopeia
the use of words that mimic sounds

stanza
group of lines in a poem that logically go together

couplet
2 line stanza

tercet
3 line stanza

quatrain
4 line stanza

rhythm
the arrangement of stressed and unstressed symbols

sestet
6 line stanza

octave
8 line stanza

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