English 9 literary terms

Anticlimax
is a sudden shift in mood from serious to comic or trivial

Exposition
is a background information provided by the author to the further the development of the plot, conflict, or characterization

Flashback
when the author goes back to a previous moment in time and describes it as if it was the present

Foreshadowing
when the author gives us a hint as to what will occur later in the story

Antagonist
the person or force is against the protagonist

Antecedent action
Sometimes that occurs before the story starts that is important to the plot

Climax
the turning point for the protagonist and/or the highest point of emotions intercity for the reader

Complicating incident
the crisi that starts the conflict

Denoument
occurs after the climax, Not in every story, When the author explains things that were unclear to the reader before the climax

Limited Omniscient
told from a Narrators point of view the narrator can go into the thought and feelings of one character

Omniscient
told from a narrators point of view but 2 or more

Objective
story is told from outside the minds of a character. the writer doesn’t enter the minds of any characters

First person
story is told from the main character point of view

Setting
time and place

Theme
the authors central message that he/she is attempting to share with the reader

Round Character
is realistic, and has only one or two dimensions

Flat Character
the character only has one or two dimensions

Complicating incident
the vent/moment when the conflict starts for the protagonist

Conflict
person vs person
person vs. environment
person vs him/her self

Setting
time and place

Atmosphere
the general feeling presented to the reader

Static Character
does not need change in a meaningful way

Dynamic Chacarter
change in a lasting meaningful way

Character sketch
a short description of a character using heading and evidence

Crisis
a situation that suddenly becomes very dangerous or difficult

Dilemma
a choice between two unpleasant or difficult options

Epiphany
a moment of sudden revelation or insight

Falling action
the part of a literary plot that occurs after the climax has been reached and the conflict has been resolved.

Verbal Irony
When we say one thing and mean another ( funny )

Dramatic Irony
When the reader knows something the character doesn’t

Situational Irony
When we are lead to believe that something will happen And something else happens

Allusion
a reference to an event, person,book,quote, or music that the reader is assumed to know.

Protagonist
the main character, who must overcome obstacles and resolve the conflict

Symbol
something used for or regarded as representing something else

Rising action
a related series of incidents in a literary plot that build toward the point of greatest interest.

Foil
an act of hindering someone’s plans or efforts

Archetype
A detail, image, or character type that occurs frequently in literature and myth and is thought to appeal in a universal way to the unconscious and to evoke a response

Connotation
An idea or feeling that a word invokes for a person in addition to its literal or primary meaning.

Denotation
The dictionary definition of a word

Tone
Authors attitude towards the character or situation.

Plot
the series of related events in a story or play, sometimes called the storyline.

Irony
A contrast between expectation and reality

Satire
a literary work that ridicules or criticizes human vice through humor or derision

Analogy
A comparison of two different things that are alike in some way.

Paradox
A statement that contradicts itself