English I Honors – Unit 1 Literary Terms Review – Holt McDougal Literature – Grade 9 – Common Core Edition

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Last updated: May 13, 2019
prose writing that consists of imaginary elements

short stories
works of fiction expressed on single ideas and can be read in one sitting

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extended works of fiction (ex. chapter book)

sequence of events in a story (in order: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution)

struggle between opposing forces

internal conflict
occurs within a character (person vs.


external conflict
involves a character pitted against an outside force (person vs. person, person vs. technology, person vs.


first stage of a plot in a typical story; characters, setting, and conflict are introduced

rising action
the stage in a plot in which the conflict develops and story events build toward a climax; second stage of a plot

point of maximum interest or tension in a plot; conflict is answered; third stage of a plot

falling action
follows the climax and shows the results of the important action that happened at the climax; fourth stage of a plot

plot comes to an end; loose ends of the story are tied up; fifth and final stage of a plot

an account of conversation, an episode, or an event that happened before the beginning of a story

writer’s use of hints or clues to suggest events that will occur later in a story

special kind of contrast between appearance and reality

situational irony
contrast between what a reader or character expects and what actually exists or happens

dramatic irony
reader or viewer knows something that a character does not know

verbal irony
someone knowingly exaggerates or says one thing and means another

excitement or tension that readers feel as they wait to find out how a story ends or a conflict is resolved

an indirect reference to a famous person, place, event, or literary work

narrative poem
a poem that tells a story or recounts events

the voice that “talks” to the reader, similar to the narrator in fiction

the occurance of similar or identical sounds at the end of two or more words (for ex. suite, heat, & complete)

a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry

technique in which a sound, word, phrase, or line is repeated for emphasis or unity

the use of words whose sounds echo their meanings (for ex. buzz, murmur)

the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words

internal rhyme
rhyme that occurs within a single line of poetry

one or more lines repeated in each stanza of a poem

personal narrative
tells a story or recounts events from the writer’s view

written conversation between two or more characters

sensory details (imagery)
words and phrases that appeal to the reader’s senses of sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste

to separate or break into parts and examine

one necessary or basic part of a whole

to decide based on evidence or knowledge; to draw a conclusion

the chronological, casual, or logical order in which one thing follows another

something constructed or built, such as a building

the process of forming a mental picture based on written or spoken information

a reading strategy that involves using text clues to make a reasonable guess about what will happen next in a story

to take individual pieces of information and combine them with other pieces of information and with prior knowledge or experience to gain a better understanding of a subject or to create a new product or idea

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