short saying with a message
which of Franklin’s values are shown by his Almanac?
friendship, hard work, and education
what is ironic about Franklin’s goal to reach humility
he wanted to imitate Jesus and Socrates but imitating someone is not humble
what does Franklin’s plan show about him?
he is dedicated to his plan
what is the purpose of the 1st part of the Declaration?
to explain that a break is necessary and that he will tell why
what is the tone of the 1st part of the Declaration?
what is the purpose of the 2nd part of the Declaration?
to explain that the British have been treating the colonists poorly
what is the tone of the 2nd part of the Declaration?
what is the purpose of the 3rd part of the Declaration?
to attack King George II and list all the injustices he has brought upon the colonists
what is the tone of the 3rd part of the Declaration?
harsh; straight-forward; strong; angry; accusatory
what is the purpose of the 4th part of the Declaration?
to turn the attention on the British and how communication has not worked
what is the tone of the 4th part of the Declaration?
serious; frustrated; resignation; determination
what is the purpose of the 5th part of the Declaration?
to explain the official declaration of separation
what is the tone of the 5th part of the Declaration?
what is the purpose of the Crisis?
to boost morale among patriots in the early years of the war with Great Britain
what are some persuasive elements that Paine uses in the Crisis?
he uses stories (to show that Britain doesn’t care for them and compares the king to the thief)
what appeal does Paine use in the Crisis
emotional appeal (Patriotism)
a reference to something well-known
what types of allusions does Patrick Henry use?
classical and bibical
repeating an idea in a variety of ways
repeating an idea using the same words
how does Patrick Henry use repetition?
mentions peace, fighting, and says “let it come” many times using the same exact words
how does Patrick Henry use restatements?
says that war is inevitable in different ways
repeating grammatical structures
repetition of the same words at the beginning of successive phrases; a type of parallelism
how does Patrick Henry use parallelism?
says “we have…” “we have…” etc.
asking a question whose answer is self-evident
what is the strong concluding thought in “the Speech…”
“give me liberty or give me death” (Patriotism)
What does Patrick Henry use to make his speech more persuasive?
he uses: rhetorical questions, anaphoras; repetition; restatement; allusions
what kind of diction does Henry use?
to whom does Wheatley give her allusion to?
a Muse for inspiration
what does Wheatley compare the soldiers to?
autumn leaves and a violent storm (abundance and strength)
What does Wheatley personify?
America and Britain
what is Washington’s reward for winning the war?
a mansion, a crown, and a free country
what is a heroic couplet?
a 2 rhyming line poem that expresses a complete thought; has iambic pentameter
what is iambic pentameter?
10 syllables per line (5 feet) unstressed-stressed
What is the form of to his excellency…?
what are Equiano’s opinions of whites at first?
he thinks that they have better lives and wants to switch places with them
How does Equiano appeal to his audience?
he uses emotional appeal
what kinds of persuasive elements does Equiano use?
imagery; personal experiences