English IV Poetry; Types of Analogy Terms

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Last updated: December 17, 2019

Analogy
a comparison made to explain something unfamiliar through similarity to something familiar, or to prove one point based on the acceptance of another.

Metaphor and simile are types of analogies.

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Simile
a comparison using “like” or “as”

Metaphor
a figure of speech using implied comparison of seemingly unlike things

Conceit
a clever and fanciful metaphor, usually expressed through elaborate and extended comparison, that presents a striking parallel between two seemingly dissimilar things — for example, elaborately comparing a beautiful woman to an object like a garden or the sun. The conceit was a popular device throughout the Elizabethan and Baroque Ages and the principal technique of the 17th century English metaphysical poets.

Synesthesia
a cross-sensory metaphor; for example, ‘a deafening yellow’

Synecdoche
a figure of speech that presents a kind of metaphor in which:• A part of something is used for the whole,• The whole is used for a part,• The species is used for the genus OR the genus is used for the species• The stuff of which something is made is used for the thing.

Metonymy
a type of metaphor in which the name of one object is substituted for that of another closely associated with it (e.g. “the White House” for the President).

Very similar to and easily confused with Synecdoche.

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