English – Poetry/Grammar

Topic: LiteratureSatire
Sample donated:
Last updated: December 17, 2019
personification
giving human qualities to animals or objects

alliteration
is the repetition of the same consonant sounds in a sequence of words, usually at the beginning of a word or stressed syllable: “descending dew drops”; “luscious lemons”; is based on the sounds of letters, rather than the spelling of words. can intensify ideas by emphasizing key words, but when used too self-consciously, it can be distracting, even ridiculous, rather than effective.

enjambment
In poetry, when one line ends without a pause and continues into the next line for its meaning. This is also called a run-on line. Breaking the line: My heart leaps up when I behold A rainbow in the sky

metaphor
a comparison or analogy stated in such a way as to simply that one object is another one, figuratively speaking [without like or as] Ex. The hallway was a sea of people

simile
an analogy or comparison implied by using an adverb such as like or as, in contrast with a metaphor Ex. The sky was as blue as the oceanThe sky was blue like the ocean

adjective clause
modifies noun or pronoun

adverb clause
modifies verb, adverb, or adjective

independent clause
a stand alone sentence

subordinate clause
an incomplete thought with a verb and subject

essential
an adjective clause without commas

nonessential
an adjective clause set off by commas

relative pronoun
starts a adjective clause; WHO, WHOM, WHOSE, WHICH, THAT, WHERE, WHEN

subordinate conjunction
starts an adverb clause; AFTER, ALTHOUGH, AS, BECAUSE, BEFORE, BY, EVEN, EVERY, IF, IN, NOW THAT, ONCE, ONLY, SINCE, THOUGH, UNLESS, UNTIL, WHEN, WHY, WHILE, WHETHER, WHEREVER

simple sentence
one independent clause

compound complex
two independent clauses & one subordinate clause

complex
one independent clause & one subordinate clause

compound
two independent clauses linked by FOR, AND, NOR, BUT, OR, YET, SO [, or ;]

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