reference to a person, place, even, thing that is known from science, religion, history, myth, culture.
a figure of speech in which the speaker addresses an absent or dead person or even an abstract quality or non-human as if it were present and able to respond.
term applied to poets like Donne or Herbert and other 17th century poets who wrote in a deliberately difficult and abstract style.
an elaborate figure of speech that makes a surprising connection between two seemingly dissimilar things.
a particularly startling conceit.
lack of agreement, consistency, harmony.
a statement that seems to contradict experience but which may actually be true.
a quality in speech or writing that combines verbal cleverness with deep insight.
poem, often short, that has the form and musical quality of song; it is characterized by the song-like outpouring of the poets thoughts and feelings.
characterized by; wit, short lines, precise language, charm, main themes; love, honor and time.
abba abba cde cde rhyme scheme.
(octet and sestet).
first eight lines of a sonnet.
last six lines of a sonnet.
the turning point in the sonnet. (usually between the octet and sestet or between the last quatrain and the couplet).
abab cdcd efef gg rhyme scheme.
(4 quatrains and a couplet).
a four line unit in a sonnet.
sums up or comments on the previous 12 lines of the sonnet.
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme.
“seize the day” can be emphasized in poem.