English test (Buddhism, Poetry, etc.)

Topic: EnvironmentNatural Disasters
Sample donated:
Last updated: December 16, 2019
Analect
-collection of stories and dialogues

anecdote
brief story that focuses on a single interesting event, sometimes taken from the life of a real person.

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aphorisms
also caked cliches. easy to recall and memorize. witty statement, truth to it, but you have to think about it.

diction
refers to the writers choice of words. Includes both the words used and the way the writer arranges them.

didactic literature
literature that instructs its readings. writers teach lessons about how to live a moral life. honestly, courage, wisdom, kindness. give their views about what’s right and good.

haiku poetry format
5, 7, 5 Total: 17 syllables.-One word suggests season (Kigo: seasonal word that brings certain time of year around)-try’s to create vivid images that convey emotions or observations about nature.

precision, economy, delicacy. Must create vivid images that convey emotion.
Three qualities presented in haiku poetry

lyric poetry
short poem in which a si file speaker expresses his or her personal thoughts and feelings.

maxim
a statement of a general truth about human behavior, perhaps offering some practical advice as well.

mood
the feeling of atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader.

parables
a brief story, but it’s teaching is more pointed. each plot detail is intended to illustrate an aspect of some moral truth.

/ brief stories used to illustrate moral messages.

paradox
a statement that seems to contradict itself but, in fact, reveals some element of truth.

point of view
the narrative method used in a short story, novel, or work of nonfiction. authors perspective.

repetition

tanka poetry format
5, 7, 5, 7, 7 Total: 31 syllables -Diction is usually figurative rather than literal, they imply meaning.

Love, Beauty of Nature, Aging (passage of time)-Short songs: Japanese lyrical poems that express a single thought or tell a brief story.
Common themes of tankapoetry

confucianism
focused on the importance of family relationships and order in society.

the teachings emphasized virtue in all interactions between people and valued learning, respect, and duty.

humanity, gentleman, ritual
what are the 3 key confucian concepts?

taoism
was based on following the way, of tao, a universal force underlying all of life. Taoists sought simplicity and harmony with nature. let things happen

buddhism
based on the teachings of siddhartha gautama, originated in India and reached China about the first century a.d.

More a religion than a philosophy , buddhism emphasized detachment from earthly life in order to attain spiritual enlightenment.

Humanity *describe on test
the concept of humanity represents the highest ideal for moral behavior in confucian thought. Humanity is especially co corned with how a person behaves toward others. It is demonstrated in such attitudes as respect, truthfulness, generosity, and love. According to confucius, humanity is the most important quality to have.

Gentleman **describe on teat
In Confucian thought, the word gentleman refers not to a man of aristocratic birth but to a person who is committed to an ethical life.

an aristocrat could lose the right to be called a gentleman and an ordinary person could become a gentleman. The shift in meaning reflects Confucius teaching that the moral life is more important than social status.

Ritual ** describe on test
The term ritual covers all of what Confucius viewed as proper conduct. It includes everything from everyday manners to religious observances. Confucius thought that the observance of ritual was essential to a sense of order and respect in society.

wisdom literature
instructs or advises human beings about wise and moral behavior.

the deserted crone info..

1.)Suffering Exists2.) Suffering arises from attachment to desires.3.) Suffering ceases when attachment to desire ceases.

4.)Freedom from suffering is possible by practicing the Eightfold Path.

What are the Four Noble Truths of Buddhism? **Write out exactly

1.) Suffering exists.
Which Noble truth is this:The viewpoint is that life consists of suffering and dissatisfaction.

2.) Suffering arises from attachment to desires.
Which Noble truth is this:The cause of suffering. Desiree to have and control things, such as craving of sensual pleasures. For example, if you desire fame and fortune, you will surely suffer disappointment and perhaps even cause suffering for others.

3.) Suffering ceases when attachment to desire ceases.
Which noble truth is this:The end to suffering.

It is achieving Nirvana, the final liberation of suffering. The mind experiences complete freedom, liberation, and non-attachment. It let’s go of any desire or craving, it is attaining dispassion.

4.) Freedom from suffering is possible by practicing the Eightfold Path.
Which noble truth is this:In order to end suffering, you must end the Eightfold Path.

This liberation from suffering is what many people mean when they use the word “enlightenment”

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