Every society is based on a hierarchicalsystem; there are people who are more powerful than others. Nietzsche tries to explain the same kind ofsocial order in his Beyond good and evil. He points out that there isbiasness in the way people are treated based on their power and position.
Hebelieves good man is not the exact opposite of an evil man rather it’s theirmorality that differs them. In comparison to Nietzsche’s views Martin Lutherking talks about equality and morality. In his Letter from Birmingham jailhe discusses about the tyranny of the so called white Americans over his fellowAfrican Americans and the oppression they had to face.Nietzche explains that other philosophersmight be basing their materials on their own characteristics instead of risingabove their own personal agenda and focusing on proper meaning and values.
Hebelieves every society consists of people who are weak and vulnerable andpeople who are strong and powerful. The ones with power use the weaklings torise. The masters backup their intellect with the brute force of the lessintelligent and use it to take control over them. He has presented manyexamples to support these claims. Nietzche also explains that people from differentnationalities carry certain traits and qualities with them. However, hestrongly disbelieves in antisemitism and prosecution based on race or religion.Dr.
Martin Luther king Jr, was imprisonedwhile he wrote Letter from Birminghamjail. He was incarcerated for leading a peaceful protest to shed light onracial segregation at that time. His composition focuses mainly on thediscrimination against the black community. In his writing he responds to thosewho said he didn’t belong there. He tries to pursue them in a peaceful mannerthat he has every right to be there as his white counterparts.
He contraststhose who said his rally was violent and outlandish with facts and proofs. Hisfocus was to bring harmony between all races through his writing which is why Letter from Birmingham jail was targetedfor national audience. He proves his level of intellect and displays the powerof his words through this article. He believes just laws are to be followed butblindly following unjust laws could be disastrous because they provide falsesense of superiority. Both Nietzche and King provide strong andvalid points to support their claims. They both have abundance of interestingideas and examples. But in my opinion Kings arguments are more in line with thereality. He pours his emotion in his writing.
He brought in a wave of changefrom his article. The number of protests and movements increased after hisarticle was released. His aim was to spread positivity without any hate. Hiscomposition screams against discrimination.
He doesn’t believe color of skinshould be the factor to differentiate people. In his Beyond good and evil Nietzche does support his arguments with factsand logic. And I do think what he tries to explain factors in with what king istrying to explain in his letter. Because I think racism exists because ofpeople with superior morality who believe people of color to be of slavemorality. And it is a sad reality that racism still exists.
Maybe there is morewe can learn from king and what he was trying to advocate through his writingabout eradicating discrimination and moving towards equality.